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Gilgamesh (Final Fantasy XII)

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XII gilgamesh1 render
Fools! You face the mightiest swordsman in all Ivalice! You face ME! GILGAMESH!

Gilgamesh (ギルガメッシュ, Girugamesshu?) is a character in Final Fantasy XII and Final Fantasy XII: Revenant Wings, and appears as a recurring boss and as a cameo in a sidequest. Infamous across Ivalice, Gilgamesh is a duelist and a sword collector, much like in his various other appearances throughout the series. Gilgamesh is accompanied by Enkidu.

Gilgamesh uses weapons from various Final Fantasy games, as well as one from Dragon Quest (also known as Dragon Warrior). The swords differ from their appearances in their respective games, and the Bestiary states none of the swords are authentic. Like most appearances of Gilgamesh, he alludes to his original appearance in Final Fantasy V.

See also: Gilgamesh (character)



Gilgamesh retains all the features that typically characterize him: an arsenal of weapons, red and orange clothing and a gray complexion. In the Final Fantasy XII sub-series, Gilgamesh has six arms, differing from the usual eight arms. His clothing in Final Fantasy XII is more regal with more gold decorations, possibly to fit in with the Ivalice setting.


Gilgamesh is a battle-hungry sword collector who is nonetheless an honorable fighter, and like his other appearances, is not openly hostile towards the party. His personality in Ivalice is more menacing, characterized by his more threatening dialogue and harsher voice than many of his other appearances. Gilgamesh is still a comic relief character, however, with his comical moments of failure.



Gilgamesh's fake swords. From top to bottom: Buster Sword, Revolver, Orichalcon, Brotherhood, Zantetsuken, Tournesol.

Throughout the battles Gilgamesh wields various famous swords used by the protagonists of other Square Enix games. When he first appears he only uses unnamed katanas that use the same model as the weapon Kotetsu, but as the fight progresses he draws his other swords. As a reference to Excalipoor and Excalibur, Gilgamesh's weapons are counterfeit versions of the real items.

These swords are:

  • Cloud Strife's Buster Sword: the blade has the kanji for "fake"/"imitation" painted on it and four holes instead of the usual two.
  • Squall Leonhart's Revolver: instead of Griever, the blade has an image of a chocobo and chocobo footprints, and it has no keychain.
  • Zidane Tribal's Orichalcon: this is Zidane's left-hand dagger. It is longer than the original and has a differently-shaped handle.
  • Tidus's Brotherhood: the blade has two hooks protruding from the tip instead of one and is more transparent than the original. The guard has a slightly different design.
  • Odin's Zantetsuken: it has a skull emblem near the guard, rather than being shaped like a lightning bolt.
  • Two copies of the Tournesol, the game's strongest greatsword. In the first battle Gilgamesh uses one with a moon emblem on it, in the second battle he uses one with a sun emblem. The two share an extra blade running along the curved main blade, and have shorter, thicker handles than the real Tournesol. Gilgamesh's use of the two swords with differentiating emblems is a reference to Excalibur and Excalipoor.[1]

Gilgamesh also wields the Wyrmhero Blade, his ultimate weapon that he uses in the last phase of the second battle with him. Unlike his other weapons however, the Wyrmhero Blade appears to be genuine, with no cosmetic differences from the version the player can acquire. When Gilgamesh is defeated he leaves the sword stuck in the dirt, examining it prompts the message "Appears to be just an ordinary sword of legend". As the player leaves the area, Gilgamesh reappears to seize the sword before fleeing.


Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow. (Skip section)

Final Fantasy XIIEdit

Gilgamesh became feared across Ivalice as a sword collector and an unmatched duelist. Montblanc posts a bill for an Elite Mark asking Clan Centurio hunters to track down the "Ancient Man of Mystery". When Vaan approaches Montblanc concerning the bill, the latter tells him that an individual has wagered his sword in combat with the Ancient Man of Mystery and lost, and that this mysterious adversary is to be found on a bridge somewhere in the Lhusu Mines.


Gilgamesh and Enkidu.

The party gives chase to the man of mystery and finds him on a bridge in Lhusu Mines, where he is looking for the "sword of legend" and attacks the party as they accost him. Upon losing Gilgamesh flees with Enkidu at his heels, falling off the bridge to the lower levels of the mines. The party tracks Gilgamesh down again and defeats him in the depths of the Lhusu Mines. Gilgamesh again flees but as the party exits the chamber the battle took place in, he sneaks back to nab the sword of legend he left on the ground.

The party runs into Gilgamesh again on their quest for the ultimate fishing rod. They follow clues to the Barheim Passage where they find Gilgamesh hunting for legendary weapons. He explains he wasn't there to spill their blood, but to hunt for a sword; he even refers to them as friends. He says, "There was no treasure, a useless stick I found". He relinquishes the fishing rod to the party before departing.

Final Fantasy XII: Revenant WingsEdit

Gilgamesh wanders with Enkidu at the Gates of Shattered Time. When he spots Vaan's party, he recognizes them as the people who had previously battled him, and vehemently denies that he, in fact, lost.

Deciding that fate had brought them back together to fight, he takes out his swords and attacks Vaan and two other party members. Gilgamesh is defeated and flees for his life.


Final Fantasy XIIEdit

Elite MarkEdit

Main article: Gilgamesh (Final Fantasy XII boss)

Gilgamesh is fought twice in the Lhusu Mines after accepting the Elite Mark from Montblanc. During the first fight Gilgamesh uses basic attacks, but in the second fight he is a much more deadly foe with his HP tripled and new attacks. Many attacks are level based, such as Level 3 Disable, similar to Blue Magic spells he could wield in his Final Fantasy V appearance. Gilgamesh also gains additional cinematic attacks in his second fight.

Gilgamesh changes swords in fight, and Genji equipment can be stolen from him at certain HP percentages. He is the only Elite Mark with a change of battle theme. He is treated like a boss battle with an HP bar on screen.

Completing the hunt earns 10,000 gil and the Masamune, as well as his sprite in the Sky Pirate's Den. In the International Zodiac Job System version, the player will receive the Excalipoor instead of the Masamune, but the latter can still be acquired inside a treasure in the room where Gilgamesh is fought the second time.

Fishing SidequestEdit

Zeviah Span Gilgamesh Event

Dramatic entrance in the Zeviah Span.

As part of the fishing minigame, after the second battle with Gilgamesh, the swordsman will appear in a niche at the end of the bridge at the Barheim Passage Zeviah Span. He hands the party the Matamune fishing rod and leaps away with Enkidu hot at his heels.

Final Fantasy XII: Revenant WingsEdit


Main article: Gilgamesh (Revenant Wings)
Gilgamesh RW
The greatest swordsman in all of Ivalice... or so he says.
—In-Game Description

Gilgamesh returns for Final Fantasy XII: Revenant Wings, as a Yarhi in the mission Battle on the Big Bridge, wandering around with Enkidu at the Gates of Shattered Time. He attacks Vaan and two other party members and summons more Enkidus into battle to assist him. Upon being defeated flees for his life, but not before alluding to his position as a summon.


After felling Gilgamesh in battle the party unlocks his sphere on the Ring of Pacts. Gilgamesh is a Rank III non-elemental melee Esper, sharing the same rank and spot with Odin, although Gilgamesh is the more powerful one and also has a special attack. His normal attack, Slice Thrice, hits the enemy three times, while his special attack, Masamune, deals physical damage to one target ignoring their defense.

Creation and developmentEdit


John DiMaggio as Gilgamesh in Final Fantasy XII
"Mwahahahaha! How long I've waited...Gilgamesh fights again!"
Trouble with the audio sample?

Gilgamesh is voiced in the Japanese version by Daisuke Gori, who voiced Fungus in Final Fantasy: Unlimited, making it his final voice role in the Final Fantasy series before his death. In the English version Gilgamesh is voiced by John DiMaggio of Futurama fame, who also voices Migelo, as well as the Final Fantasy X characters, Wakka and Kimahri.

Musical themesEdit

"Battle on the Big Bridge [FFXII Version]"
Battle on the Big Bridge ~FFXII Version~
Trouble with the audio sample?

Gilgamesh' iconic theme, "Battle on the Big Bridge", appears in Final Fantasy XII. It is an arrangement by Hitoshi Sakimoto titled "Battle on the Big Bridge [FFXII Version]", and is the background theme for the two encounters with Gilgamesh and Enkidu at the Lhusu Mines.

The theme was released as the thirteenth track of Final Fantasy XII: Original Soundtracks third disc.

"Battle on the Big Bridge" does not play during the battle against him in Final Fantasy XII: Revenant Wings. The music for the area that plays in the battle is "The Estersand".

Other appearancesEdit

Dissidia 012 Final FantasyEdit

Gilgamesh Alt 1 EX Mode

Gilgamesh's first alternate outfit, "Special Red Cloak," is based on his Final Fantasy VIII appearance, but during EX Mode, his appearance is stated to be based on his Final Fantasy XII design.



[view  · edit  · purge] Gilgamesh was an ancient Sumerian king who ruled Uruk, modern day Iraq around 2650 BC. He is the main character of the Epic of Gilgamesh, which is considered one of the earliest great works of literature, the most complete edition dating back to the 7th century BC, though earlier editions date back to about 2000 BC. The epic centers around the king and demigod Gilgamesh and the wild man Enkidu who was sent to kill him. After a fight between the two, in which neither Gilgamesh nor Enkidu prove themselves stronger, they become loyal friends and embark on several epic adventures.

Gilgamesh from Final Fantasy is often portrayed with additional arms, which parallels with the multiple arms the historical Gilgamesh is often portrayed with. Enkidu, in turn, appears alongside Gilgamesh in bestial form, which likely refers to the wild and formerly untamed nature of Enkidu.

Gilgamesh is also inspired by Saitō Musashibō Benkei, a famous Japanese warrior monk said to have posted himself at Gōjō Bridge in Kyoto and dueled every passing swordsman, defeating 999 opponents and claiming their weapons. On his 1,000th duel, however, Benkei was defeated by Minamoto no Yoshitsune. Benkei devoted himself to Yoshitsune and became his faithful retainer throughout the rest of his life.

From the story of Benkei, Gilgamesh takes his preference for the naginata (Benkei's traditional weapon as a monk), his penchant for fighting on bridges, his collecting of weapons from enemies he defeats, and his friendship with the player's characters who defeat him. Benkei's devotion to Yoshitsune is the basis for Gilgamesh's association with Genji equipment—the Minamoto Clan is also called the Genji Clan, using the alternate pronunciation for the Chinese characters for mina and moto, gen and uji, respectively. Gilgamesh's face paint is based on traditional kabuki actors, for which Benkei is a popular character to portray.


  • Gilgamesh being fought on a bridge is a recurring motif of his character. Gilgamesh was introduced in Final Fantasy V where he was battled on the Big Bridge. In Final Fantasy XII he is first fought on a bridge in Lhusu Mines, and the clue for finding him in Barheim Passage as part of the fishing side quest has the player look for a broken bridge.
  • The boss battle contains many allusions to Gilgamesh's Final Fantasy V version in the attacks he uses in the battle, as well as the Genji equipment that can be stolen from him. Him wielding replicas of other Final Fantasy characters' swords refers to Gilgamesh's obsession with finding the legendary sword Excalibur in Final Fantasy V, as well as his dimension-transcending travels throughout the series.


  1. Final Fantasy XII Scenario Ultimania, p. 494

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