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FFXII Gambits

Gambits setting in Final Fantasy XII.

Oh, one more thing! If you don't want me to fight on my own, you can always turn my Gambits off. With my Gambits turned off, I won’t do anything until you give the word. You should really think about using Gambits for yourself, you know. They can make managing a battle a lot easier.
—Penelo

Gambits are a functionality of the Final Fantasy XII and Final Fantasy XII: Revenant Wings battle systems. During the game, combat can be controlled manually and programmed via the use of gambits; manually entered commands take precedence and their immediate execution will interrupt gambit programming. The gambit system is similar to the Macro system found in Final Fantasy XI.

Hiroyuki Ito was in charge of creating the battle system for Final Fantasy XII and his motivation for the gambit system was to create a "single-player online game" where the player would have independently acting party members who would still act the way the player wanted them to. The gambit system works on the same basic programming algorithms used for the monsters in the SNES Final Fantasy games.[1]

AppearancesEdit

Final Fantasy XIIEdit

Like simple computers, the player can create a list of commands and dependencies to be carried out automatically by the characters to simplify the combat system. All commands relate to (are targeted on) the character, the character's allies, or the enemies on-screen.

Gambits are a targeted "if A, then X" conditional statement/expression; each gambit on the list is evaluated and the first gambit that has a true, actionable condition, will be executed. Each time the character gets a new turn the list is re-evaluated, starting with the first gambit.

FunctionalityEdit

Kingbomb

The golden G next to a party member's name indicates that the character's Gambits are active.

Gambits are composed of a target, a condition and an action to be performed on the target, only if the condition is true. If the condition is not true, the next gambit in the list is checked, and so on. The list is not in order of which action is taken; for example, a gambit with the "Enemy = Flying" condition at the top of the gambit list will only activate when the party encounters a flying enemy. Actions can be either the use of items or the casting of magick and Technicks. There is no action for Quickenings and summons, which must be activated manually.

In or out of battle, each character can have have each individual gambit in their list turned on or off, at the gambit screen. Also, at the gambit screen or in the manual control menu, the current state of the gambit list as a whole can be turned off and back on. Gambits can be changed at any moment during a battle, and gambits can always be interrupted by manual input of actions.

The characters start with no list of gambits, gain two automatically through the course of the early game, and can buy licenses for an additional 10 gambit slots in the Augments section of the License Board.

Action: No redundant actionsEdit

Gambits contain certain hidden conditions to be intuitive and functional. Enemies immediately cease to be targets once they die, and the gambit mechanism will not revive a character who is not KO'd or recast a status buffer if the character still has it, e.g. a gambit for Haste will not be activated if the character already has the Haste status. As well, the gambit mechanism will not have two characters simultaneously cast a status buffer or revive a KO'd character twice; i.e. if two characters have a gambit set-up to revive a fallen party member, and a party member is KO'd, only one of the characters will have their gambit to revive them executed.

The exceptions to the above rules are are: Steal, Poach, Drain and Syphon, which will be re-activated at every turn, even if the foe is immune or has no more items/MP to steal. Foe: HP = 100% attached to Steal, and one blow from a manually controlled character, will ensure that overenthusiastic loot hunters look further down the list for something to do. Enemy immunity requires the offending gambits be turned off or commands be issued to the characters to override their gambits with manual control.

Action: ConstraintsEdit

Another type of hidden condition, but one that generally works against the player, is that a gambit may not be executed, even if its condition is true, if its action cannot be performed because of the normal game rules. For example, a gambit with the action to cast the spell Haste will only be done if the character has enough MP to cast it and is not under a restrictive status such as Silence, Disable, or other that prohibits the use of magick.

A similar constraint applies to the use of items, i.e. a gambit calling for the use of a Hi-Potion will only be performed if there is at least one in the party's inventory.

Steal, Poach, Drain and Syphon are not exempt from this condition as they are from the other.

Condition: Self, Ally or FoeEdit

Conditions for gambits need to be purchased at Gambit Shops and are for Self, Ally or Foe. They can also occasionally be found in treasure urns. In the International Zodiac Job System Version all gambits are available after the party escapes from the Barheim Passage, but in the regular version, different gambits are available at different parts of the game, and some useful gambits are only obtained quite late in the game.

CancelingEdit

A character may cancel an action enacted by a gambit if a higher-priority gambit's conditions are fulfilled. For example, the character has a gambit, high on the list, to Attack the nearest foe, and one below that to poach foes with < 10% HP. If the party is attempting to poach a foe, and a higher HP foe comes near, the character will abandon their poaching, and rush off to Attack the new foe. This is also a good example of the difference between order of execution and order of listing (and therefore priority).

If the order of these gambits is reversed, canceling will not happen; characters will attack when enemies are first sighted, even though Attack is second on the list, the "Foe: HP < 10% - Poach" gambit cannot get in the way, because of its condition, and Poach will be activated instead of Attack as soon as and for as long as there is an appropriate target in range.

The exceptions to canceling an action due to priority are all commands the player inputs manually. Any command the player gives to the character will be executed if possible, regardless of gambits.

Character movement is not considered a command for the purposes of interrupting actions; spell casting in particular will root characters in place, and the only way to avoid characters beginning a spellcast is to turn off their gambits temporarily or to hold down the R2 button to escape. This does not halt spellcasting already in progress.

List of GambitsEdit

There are several gambits in the game. Initially, the party starts with very few gambits to work with, but as the game progresses, the party can find or buy more.

New gambits are available for purchase after the following events:

Event Details
A After getting trapped in the Nalbina Dungeons.
B After escaping from Barheim Passage.
C After obtaining the Dawn Shard.
D After defeating Judge Bergan.
E After visiting the Draklor Laboratory.
F After obtaining the Treaty Blade.

In the International Zodiac Job System version, all gambits ave available for purchase after the player gets trapped in the Nalbina Dungeons. Also, players can no longer find gambits in treasure chests. Burrough's shop inside Barheim Passage - The Lightworks sells Gambits marked with an asterisk(*) in the tables below.

Ally GambitsEdit

These Gambits are under the Blue tab of the gambit menu. All conditions require a party member to be under a certain condition.

Gambit Cost When
Ally: any 50 B
Ally: party leader 50 B
Ally: Vaan
Ally: Ashe
Ally: Fran
Ally: Balthier
Ally: Penelo
Ally: Basch
Ally: lowest HP 50 D
Ally: strongest weapon 50 D
Ally: lowest defense 50 D
Ally: lowest magick resist 50 D
Ally: HP <100% 50 C
Ally: HP <90% 50 B
Ally: HP <80% 50 B
Ally: HP <70% 50 B
Ally: HP <60% 50 B
Ally: HP <50% 50 A
Ally: HP <40% 50 B
Ally: HP <30% 50 A
Ally: HP <20% 50 B
Ally: HP <10% 50 C
Ally: MP <100% 50 C
Ally: MP <90% 50 C
Ally: MP <80% 50 B
Ally: MP <70% 50 B
Ally: MP <60% 50 B
Ally: MP <50% 50 B
Ally: MP <40% 50 B
Ally: MP <30% 50 B
Ally: MP <20% 50 B
Ally: MP <10% 50 C
Ally: status = KO 50 E
Ally: status = Stone 50 E
Ally: status = Petrify 50 E
Ally: status = Stop 50 C
Ally: status = Sleep 50 B
Ally: status = Confuse 50 B
Ally: status = Doom 50 E
Ally: status = Blind 50 E
Ally: status = Poison 50 E
Ally: status = Silence 50 E
Ally: status = Sap 50 E
Ally: status = Oil 50 E
Ally: status = Reverse 50 C
Ally: status = Disable 50 E
Ally: status = Immobilize 50 E
Ally: status = Slow 50 C
Ally: status = Disease 50 E
Ally: status = Lure 50 C
Ally: status = Protect 50 E
Ally: status = Shell 50 E
Ally: status = Haste 50 E
Ally: status = Bravery 50 E
Ally: status = Faith 50 E
Ally: status = Reflect 50 C
Ally: status = Invisible 50 E
Ally: status = Regen 50 E
Ally: status = Float 50 E
Ally: status = Berserk 50 C
Ally: status = Bubble 50 E
Ally: status = HP Critical 50 B
Ally: item AMT ≧ 10 100 C
Gambit Cost
Ally: any 50*
Ally: party leader 50*
Ally: Vaan
Ally: Ashe
Ally: Fran
Ally: Balthier
Ally: Penelo
Ally: Basch
Ally: lowest HP 70
Ally: strongest weapon 70
Ally: lowest defense 70
Ally: lowest magick resist 70
Ally: HP <100% 50*
Ally: HP <90% 70
Ally: HP <80% 70
Ally: HP <70% 50*
Ally: HP <60% 50*
Ally: HP <50% 50*
Ally: HP <40% 50*
Ally: HP <30% 50*
Ally: HP <20% 70
Ally: HP <10% 70
Ally: MP <100% 50*
Ally: MP <90% 70
Ally: MP <80% 70
Ally: MP <70% 50*
Ally: MP <60% 50*
Ally: MP <50% 50*
Ally: MP <40% 50*
Ally: MP <30% 50*
Ally: MP <20% 70
Ally: MP <10% 70
Ally: status = KO 70
Ally: status = Stone 70
Ally: status = Petrify 70
Ally: status = Stop 70
Ally: status = Sleep 70
Ally: status = Confuse 70
Ally: status = Doom 70
Ally: status = Blind 70
Ally: status = Poison 70
Ally: status = Silence 70
Ally: status = Sap 70
Ally: status = Oil 70
Ally: status = Reverse 70
Ally: status = Disable 70
Ally: status = Immobilize 70
Ally: status = Slow 70
Ally: status = Disease 70
Ally: status = Lure 70
Ally: status = Protect 70
Ally: status = Shell 70
Ally: status = Haste 70
Ally: status = Bravery 70
Ally: status = Faith 70
Ally: status = Reflect 70
Ally: status = Invisible 70
Ally: status = Regen 70
Ally: status = Float 70
Ally: status = Berserk 70
Ally: status = Bubble 70
Ally: status = HP Critical 50*
Ally: more than 2 enemies 300
Ally: more than 3 enemies 300
Ally: more than 4 enemies 300
Ally: more than 5 enemies 300
Ally: item AMT ≧ 10 300
Foe GambitsEdit

These Gambits are under the Red tab of the Gambit menu. All conditions require an enemy to be under a certain condition.

Gambit Cost When
Foe: party leader's target
Foe: nearest visible
Foe: any 50 B
Foe: targeting leader 100 B
Foe: targeting self 100 B
Foe: targeting ally 100 B
Foe: furthest 50 C
Foe: nearest 50 C
Foe: highest HP 50 D
Foe: lowest HP 50 D
Foe: highest max HP 50 D
Foe: lowest max HP 50 D
Foe: highest MP 50 D
Foe: lowest MP 50 D
Foe: highest max MP 50 D
Foe: lowest max MP 50 D
Foe: highest level 50 D
Foe: lowest level 50 D
Foe: highest strength 50 D
Foe: lowest strength 50 D
Foe: highest magick power 50 D
Foe: lowest magick power 50 D
Foe: highest speed 50 D
Foe: lowest speed 50 D
Foe: highest defense 50 D
Foe: highest magick resist 50 D
Foe: HP ≧ 100,000 50 F
Foe: HP ≧ 50,000 50 F
Foe: HP ≧ 10,000 50 E
Foe: HP ≧ 5,000 50 E
Foe: HP ≧ 3,000 50 D
Foe: HP ≧ 2,000 50 D
Foe: HP ≧ 1,000 50 C
Foe: HP ≧ 500 50 C
Foe: HP < 100,000 50 F
Foe: HP < 50,000 50 F
Foe: HP < 10,000 50 E
Foe: HP < 5,000 50 E
Foe: HP < 3,000 50 D
Foe: HP < 2,000 50 D
Foe: HP < 1,000 50 C
Foe: HP < 500 50 C
Foe: HP = 100% 50 B
Foe: HP ≧ 70% 50 B
Foe: HP ≧ 50% 50 B
Foe: HP ≧ 30% 50 B
Foe: status = Petrify 50 E
Foe: status = Stop 50 E
Foe: status = Sleep 50 B
Foe: status = Confuse 50 E
Foe: status = Doom 50 E
Foe: status = Blind 50 C
Foe: status = Poison 50 E
Foe: status = Silence 50 C
Foe: status = Sap 50 E
Foe: status = Oil 50 B
Foe: status = Reverse 50 C
Foe: status = Disable 50 B
Foe: status = Immobilize 50 B
Foe: status = Slow 50 E
Foe: status = Disease 50 E
Foe: status = Protect 50 D
Foe: status = Shell 50 D
Foe: status = Haste 50 D
Foe: status = Bravery 50 D
Foe: status = Faith 50 D
Foe: status = Reflect 50 B
Foe: status = Regen 50 E
Foe: status = Berserk 50 E
Foe: status = HP Critical 50 B
Foe: fire-weak 500 F
Foe: lightning-weak 500 F
Foe: ice-weak 500 F
Foe: earth-weak 500 F
Foe: water-weak 500 F
Foe: wind-weak 500 F
Foe: holy-weak 500 F
Foe: dark-weak 500 F
Foe: fire-vulnerable 250 F
Foe: lightning-vulnerable 250 F
Foe: ice-vulnerable 250 F
Foe: earth-vulnerable 250 F
Foe: water-vulnerable 250 F
Foe: wind-vulnerable 250 F
Foe: holy-vulnerable 250 F
Foe: dark-vulnerable 250 F
Foe: undead 100 C
Foe: flying 100 B
Foe: character HP=100% 100 C
Foe: item AMT ≧ 10 100 C
Foe: character status = Blind 100 D
Foe: character status = Silence 100 D
Foe: character status = Bravery 100 E
Foe: character status = Faith 100 E
Foe: character status = HP Critical 100 D
Foe: character MP ≧ 90% 100 D
Foe: character MP ≧ 70% 100 D
Foe: character MP ≧ 50% 100 D
Foe: character MP ≧ 30% 100 D
Foe: character MP ≧ 10% 100 D
Foe: character MP < 90% 100 D
Foe: character MP < 70% 100 D
Foe: character MP < 50% 100 D
Foe: character MP < 30% 100 D
Foe: character MP < 10% 100 D
Foe: character HP ≧ 90% 100 D
Foe: character HP ≧ 70% 100 D
Foe: character HP ≧ 50% 100 D
Foe: character HP ≧ 30% 100 D
Foe: character HP ≧ 10% 100 D
Foe: character HP < 90% 100 D
Foe: character HP < 70% 100 D
Foe: character HP < 50% 100 D
Foe: character HP < 30% 100 D
Foe: character HP < 10% 100 D
Gambit Cost
Foe: party leader's target
Foe: nearest visible 50
Foe: any 50
Foe: attack same 100
Foe: attack separate 100
Foe: targeting leader 50*
Foe: targeting self 50*
Foe: targeting ally 50*
Foe: Targeting Vaan
Foe: targeting Ashe
Foe: targeting Fran
Foe: targeting Balthier
Foe: targeting Basch
Foe: targeting Penelo
Foe: furthest 70
Foe: nearest 70
Foe: highest HP 50*
Foe: lowest HP 50*
Foe: highest max HP 50*
Foe: lowest max HP 50*
Foe: highest MP 70
Foe: lowest MP 70
Foe: highest max MP 70
Foe: lowest max MP 70
Foe: highest level 50*
Foe: lowest level 50*
Foe: highest strength 70
Foe: lowest strength 70
Foe: highest magick power 70
Foe: lowest magick power 70
Foe: highest speed 70
Foe: lowest speed 70
Foe: highest defense 70
Foe: highest magick resist 70
Foe: HP ≧ 100,000 300
Foe: HP ≧ 50,000 300
Foe: HP ≧ 10,000 300
Foe: HP ≧ 5,000 70
Foe: HP ≧ 3,000 70
Foe: HP ≧ 2,000 70
Foe: HP ≧ 1,000 70
Foe: HP ≧ 500 70
Foe: HP < 100,000 300
Foe: HP < 50,000 300
Foe: HP < 10,000 300
Foe: HP < 5,000 70
Foe: HP < 3,000 70
Foe: HP < 2,000 70
Foe: HP < 1,000 70
Foe: HP < 500 70
Foe: HP = 100% 50*
Foe: HP ≧ 90% 70
Foe: HP ≧ 70% 50*
Foe: HP ≧ 50% 50*
Foe: HP ≧ 30% 50*
Foe: HP ≧ 10% 70
Foe: status = Petrify 70
Foe: status = Stop 70
Foe: status = Sleep 70
Foe: status = Confuse 70
Foe: status = Doom 70
Foe: status = Blind 70
Foe: status = Poison 70
Foe: status = Silence 70
Foe: status = Sap 70
Foe: status = Oil 70
Foe: status = Reverse 70
Foe: status = Disable 70
Foe: status = Immobilize 70
Foe: status = Slow 70
Foe: status = Disease 70
Foe: status = Protect 70
Foe: status = Shell 70
Foe: status = Haste 70
Foe: status = Bravery 70
Foe: status = Faith 70
Foe: status = Reflect 70
Foe: status = Regen 70
Foe: status = Berserk 70
Foe: status = HP Critical 70
Foe: fire-weak 70
Foe: lightning-weak 70
Foe: ice-weak 70
Foe: earth-weak 70
Foe: water-weak 70
Foe: wind-weak 70
Foe: holy-weak 70
Foe: dark-weak 70
Foe: fire-vulnerable 70
Foe: lightning-vulnerable 70
Foe: ice-vulnerable 70
Foe: earth-vulnerable 70
Foe: water-vulnerable 70
Foe: wind-vulnerable 70
Foe: holy-vulnerable 70
Foe: dark-vulnerable 70
Foe: undead 70
Foe: flying 70
Foe: character status = Blind 300
Foe: character status = Silence 300
Foe: character status = Bravery 300
Foe: character status = Faith 300
Foe: character status = HP Critical 300
Foe: character HP = 100% 300
Foe: character MP ≧ 90% 300
Foe: character MP ≧ 70% 300
Foe: character MP ≧ 50% 300
Foe: character MP ≧ 30% 300
Foe: character MP ≧ 10% 300
Foe: character MP < 90% 300
Foe: character MP < 70% 300
Foe: character MP < 50% 300
Foe: character MP < 30% 300
Foe: character MP < 10% 300
Foe: character HP ≧ 90% 300
Foe: character HP ≧ 70% 300
Foe: character HP ≧ 50% 300
Foe: character HP ≧ 30% 300
Foe: character HP ≧ 10% 300
Foe: character HP < 90% 300
Foe: character HP < 70% 300
Foe: character HP < 50% 300
Foe: character HP < 30% 300
Foe: character HP < 10% 300
Foe: more than 2 enemies 300
Foe: more than 3 enemies 300
Foe: more than 4 enemies 300
Foe: more than 5 enemies 300
Foe: more than 2 allies 300
Foe: more than 3 allies 300
Foe: item AMT ≧ 10 300
Self GambitsEdit

These Gambits are under the Yellow tab of the Gambit menu. All conditions require the user to be under a certain condition.

Gambit Cost When
Self 50 B
Self: HP <100% 50 E
Self: HP < 90% 50 E
Self: HP < 80% 50 E
Self: HP < 70% 50 E
Self: HP < 60% 50 E
Self: HP < 50% 50 E
Self: HP < 40% 50 E
Self: HP < 30% 50 E
Self: HP < 20% 50 E
Self: HP < 10% 50 E
Self: MP <100% 50 E
Self: MP < 90% 50 E
Self: MP < 80% 50 E
Self: MP < 70% 50 E
Self: MP < 60% 50 E
Self: MP < 50% 50 E
Self: MP < 40% 50 E
Self: MP < 30% 50 E
Self: MP < 20% 50 E
Self: MP < 10% 50 E
Self: status = Petrify 50 E
Self: status = Doom 50 E
Self: status = Blind 50 E
Self: status = Poison 50 E
Self: status = Silence 50 E
Self: status = Sap 50 E
Self: status = Oil 50 E
Self: status = Reverse 50 E
Self: status = Immobilize 50 E
Self: status = Slow 50 E
Self: status = Disease 50 E
Self: status = Lure 50 E
Self: status = Protect 50 E
Self: status = Shell 50 E
Self: status = Haste 50 E
Self: status = Bravery 50 E
Self: status = Faith 50 E
Self: status = Reflect 50 E
Self: status = Invisible 50 E
Self: status = Regen 50 E
Self: status = Float 50 E
Self: status = Bubble 50 E
Self: status = HP Critical 50 E
Gambit Cost
Self 50*
Self: HP < 100% 50*
Self: HP < 90% 70
Self: HP < 80% 70
Self: HP < 70% 50*
Self: HP < 60% 50*
Self: HP < 50% 50*
Self: HP < 40% 50*
Self: HP < 30% 50*
Self: HP < 20% 70
Self: HP < 10% 70
Self: MP < 100% 50*
Self: MP < 90% 70
Self: MP < 80% 70
Self: MP < 70% 50*
Self: MP < 60% 50*
Self: MP < 50% 50*
Self: MP < 40% 50*
Self: MP < 30% 50*
Self: MP < 20% 70
Self: MP < 10% 70
Self: status = Petrify 70
Self: status = Doom 70
Self: status = Blind 70
Self: status = Poison 70
Self: status = Silence 70
Self: status = Sap 70
Self: status = Oil 50
Self: status = Reverse 70
Self: status = Immobilize 70
Self: status = Slow 70
Self: status = Disease 70
Self: status = Lure 70
Self: status = Protect 70
Self: status = Shell 70
Self: status = Haste 70
Self: status = Bravery 70
Self: status = Faith 70
Self: status = Reflect 70
Self: status = Invisible 70
Self: status = Regen 70
Self: status = Float 70
Self: status = Bubble 70
Self: status = HP Critical 50*
Foe: more than 2 enemies 300
Foe: more than 3 enemies 300
Foe: more than 4 enemies 300
Foe: more than 5 enemies 300
Self: targeted by enemies 300
Self: targeted by allies 300
Self: item AMT ≧ 10 300

Final Fantasy XII: Revenant WingsEdit

RW Defense Snare

Gambits menu in Final Fantasy XII: Revenant Wings.

Gambits return in Final Fantasy XII: Revenant Wings, but the system is heavily simplified. The player is able to set one Gambit per group leader, and once this is done the character will keep using the skill unless they are being directly controlled by the player. Gambits can be set in the Equip screen any time during battle.

ReferencesEdit

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