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The following is list of allusions in Final Fantasy XV.

Final Fantasy seriesEdit

  • The recurring theme of nations protecting crystals is present. In the early games in the series the crystal makes the player party the Warriors of Light by tasking them to save the world. It often gives them additional abilities, like the power to wield magic, opening up the game's ability system. In Final Fantasy XV Noctis is the Crystal's protector by birth right, and thus can wield magic and other special abilities. The concept behind the True King in Final Fantasy XV also refers to the Warriors of Light of old.
  • The Gear equip menu depicts the player characters in sprites reminiscent of the style used for the Super Nintendo-era Final Fantasy games. The sprites do the traditional victory pose of raising both arms. These sprites are also used to indicate a character's favorite food when Ignis is deciding what to cook.
  • Cor Leonis's name is based on a Latin phrase that literally means "heart of the lion", or "lion's heart", a likely reference to the recurring name in the series.
  • A majority of the daemons in the game are based on recurring Final Fantasy monsters, and some regular monsters are as well.

Moogle doll inside the truck.

  • Cindy has a moogle toy in her yellow tow truck, and Iris Amicitia gives Noctis a moogle plush that can be used as a decoy in battle. Moogles are recurring creatures in the Final Fantasy series, appearing in some form in almost all the main series games.
  • When the party leaves Leide after Chapter 2, they talk about Duscae and where they are headed next. Ignis says Duscae has "a chocobo forest." Chocobo forests were a recurring location in the pre-PlayStation 2 era Final Fantasy games where the player could find chocobos.
  • The format of four main party members in Final Fantasy XV may refer to the beginning of the Final Fantasy series, where the party consisted of four fixed members for the entire game.
  • In the quest "The Ever Regal Regalia", the player acquires Aero Wax, a special wax Cindy can apply to the Regalia to boost wind resistance, resulting in a slight improvement to gas mileage. The name of the wax refers to the spell Aero; a recurring wind spell in the Final Fantasy series.
  • Highwind, a name used by dragoons and characters with dragoon traits in the Final Fantasy series, is the surname of the dragoon Aranea Highwind.
  • When Noctis wields a lance for a weapon, he can airstep (fight while in midair), and when directly above a target, descend upon them like Dragoons and their Jump ability. Aranea, as a Dragoon, has similar aerial maneuvers to her disposal. Dragoon is one of the most iconic job classes in the series.
  • According to the FFXV Scenario Ultimania, each dog tags display the names of the fallen hunters when viewed in the Item option of the Main Menu. Their family names mirror settlements in the series from the first to the ninth: Melmond, Deist, Tozus, Mist, Quelb, Jidoor, Corel, Esthar, and Madain.
  • The green man symbol in Insomnia's pedestrian traffic lights is a Cactuar.

Final FantasyEdit

  • The opening loading screen says "In a time unknown, only a prophecy keeps hope alive in people's hearts. 'When darkness veils the world, the King of Light shall come.'" This is similar to the opening lines of the first Final Fantasy: The world lies shrouded in darkness. The winds die... The seas rage... The earth decays... But the people believe in a prophecy, patiently waiting for its fulfillment. 'When darkness veils the world, four Warriors of Light shall come.' The Final Fantasy XV opening loading screen calls the player party "four brave warriors", referring to the Warriors of Light.

The throne made out of bones.

  • The throne that appears in the prologue resembles the throne Chaos sits in a concept art piece by Yoshitaka Amano for the original Final Fantasy.
  • Elemancy spells are replenishable but finite in use and unrelated to the use of MP. The original Final Fantasy similarly uses magic charges, which were originally inspired by their use in the fundamentally foundational tabletop RPG series Dungeon and Dragons.

The party looking across the bridge to Insomnia.

  • Near the end of Chapter 1, the group reaches a hill on the outskirts of Insomnia, looking over the kingdom beyond a bridge. In Final Fantasy, the Warriors of Light are similarly positioned to look over Castle Cornelia before departing on their journey.
  • The design of the Behemoth King is based on the winged Behemoth creature that appeared in one of the game's concept art by Yoshitaka Amano.

Final Fantasy IIEdit

  • The Goblin design is reused for Final Fantasy XV.
  • One of the business signs in Insomnia "ミンウ薬局" (Min'u Yakkyoku?, lit. Minwu Pharmacy) alludes to the character Minwu.
Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow. (Skip section)
Spoilers end here.

Final Fantasy IIIEdit

  • The edible Aegir Root refers to the Aegir, which first appeared in Final Fantasy III. However, it may be more related to later versions, which depict it as being more plant-like.
  • Wiz Chocobo Post sells gysahl green crisps, and the greens can be fed to the party's chocobos at camp. Gysahl Greens debuted in Final Fantasy III as an item to summon the Fat Chocobo, but have since appeared in various games as either allusions or as chocobo feed.
  • The food vendor in Hammerhead is named Takka. In the 3D remake of Final Fantasy III, this is the name of Refia's adoptive father.

Final Fantasy IVEdit


A campsite.

Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow. (Skip section)
Spoilers end here.

Final Fantasy VEdit

  • Garulas appear as enemies in Final Fantasy XV. Final Fantasy V has a tame Garula that becomes possessed and unexpectedly attacks the party. In Final Fantasy XV Garulas are docile and will not attack unless provoked.
  • The Catoblepas in Final Fantasy XV is modeled after its Final Fantasy V counterpart.
  • As noted under Final Fantasy III, the Aegir's depiction in Final Fantasy V is much more plant-like in fitting with the Aegyr Root.
  • Gilgamesh is fought as a boss in Episode Gladiolus. Gilgamesh is a recurring character in the Final Fantasy series who first appeared in Final Fantasy V. In Final Fantasy XV, Gilgamesh is fought on a bridge littered with the swords of the warriors he has defeated. In Final Fantasy V Gilgamesh was fought on the Big Bridge, and he was looking for a legendary sword. Gilgamesh's battle music in Final Fantasy XV contains motifs from "Clash on the Big Bridge", Gilgamesh's recurring boss music from the series that debuted in Final Fantasy V.
Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow. (Skip section)
  • Ardyn Izunia's backstory of a former healer who sealed daemons within himself and turned evil as a result resembles Exdeath's backstory of being formerly a tree where all the demons in the world had been sealed until it gained sentience.
Spoilers end here.

Final Fantasy VIEdit

  • The soldiers that attack Noctis and his group are Magitek Troops. Magitek (magic technology) is a term for manmade magic invented by the Gestahlian Empire in Final Fantasy VI.
  • The Doman Plum Pits chocobo seeds are named after Doma.
  • There are edible items related to the Aepyornis in Final Fantasy XV, including Aepyornis Egg and Aepyornis Tenders.
Altissia Painting Hands

A ghostly figure emerging from a painting in Altissia.

Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow. (Skip section)
  • Ardyn Izunia plays a similar role to Kefka Palazzo as antagonists. Both start out working for the antagonistic Empires, only to depose of the Emperors, usurp power, and reign supreme while their worlds are sent into a state of ruin. They are both the final bosses. Similar to Kefka, Ardyn is implied to not particularly care if he wins or loses during the final battle, although for different reasons (Kefka is a nihilist and thus holds no value over anything, even his own life, while Ardyn believes that he wins either way). Both Kefka and Ardyn have a more light-hearted characterization that belies the dark nature of their true personas. Before the final boss fight, Noctis calls Ardyn a jester, which is what Kefka's design and overall character derives from.
  • The first main quest of Chapter 14, "World of Ruin", refers to the World of Ruin in Final Fantasy VI created by Kefka's apocalypse. Noctis awakens in Eos that has fallen to the Starscourge for ten years under Ardyn's rule, which parallels Celes Chere awakening one year later in a world ravaged by monsters with civilization scattered. Both set out, alone, to regroup with their allies and bring down the main antagonist who has ruled the world in their absence.
Spoilers end here.

Final Fantasy VIIEdit

FFXV Great Glacier Cola

The Great Glacier Cola freezer.

  • The engine oil for sale at Hammerhead is called "Junon Super Engine Oil". The player can also spot "Junon Gear Lubricant" at Burbost Souvenir Emporium Outpost in Duscae. Junon is a town in Final Fantasy VII, and the most technologically advanced town after Midgar.
  • Old freezers scattered about the world have the text "Great Glacier Cola". Great Glacier is a location from Final Fantasy VII.
  • There is a sign for chocobo-grooming services at Wiz Chocobo Post that has Noctis suggest it to Prompto. He will answer: "My hair does not look like a chocobo butt." In Final Fantasy VII, if the player inspects a bird's nest at Mt. Corel, Tifa says Cloud's hair "looks like a chocobo".
  • There is sign in Meldacio Hunter HQ and in Lestallum for "Adamantoise Paradise". This alludes to the Turtle's Paradise pub in Wutai Village in Final Fantasy VII.
  • Vyv in Lestallum owns a publishing company named Meteor Publishing. His shirt resembles the Final Fantasy VII logo, which has the Meteor.
  • In Insomnia, there is a sign that reads "Nanaki," which is the real name of the Final Fantasy VII character Red XIII.
  • One of the business signs in Insomnia is "Dio", alluding to the character Dio.

A samurai enemy impales Noctis upon a katana.

  • The samurai-type enemies can impale Noctis upon their katana and hold him off the ground. Sephiroth similarly impales Cloud on his katana in Final Fantasy VII and lifts him off the ground. The scene was also reprised for Final Fantasy VII: Advent Children as homage to the original.
  • Midgardsormr is a high level enemy in Final Fantasy XV that guards an area outside the Greyshire Glacial Grotto. Most first-time players likely avoid it and run past it, as it is much stronger than most monsters. In Final Fantasy VII Midgar Zolom is a big snake enemy the player is advised to avoid when heading to the Mythril Mine caverns.
  • There is a chocobo racing track near Wiz Chocobo Post where the player can race. Chocobo racing is a recurring minigame in the series, first appearing in Final Fantasy VII.
  • The main quest of the Moogle Chocobo Carnival was called "Interrupted by Fireworks" after the theme that plays during the gondola portion of Cloud's dates at the Gold Saucer.
  • Although not in the final game, there was going to be an Imperial general named Safay Roth, whose name sounds similar to the Final Fantasy VII main antagonist Sephiroth. Safay Roth was implied to originally be the main villain due to Ardyn Izunia being created after he was cut.[1]
Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow. (Skip section)
  • The sequence in which Lunafreya passes the Ring of the Lucii to Noctis before disappearing into the abyss resembles Aerith's death, in which Cloud places Aerith in the lake of the Forgotten City before her body gently sinks below.
  • The thirteen Lucian kings of old appear during the final encounter to finish Ardyn Izunia off with a strike from each king, a reference to the Knights of the Round.
    • In addition, during the final encounter, a single button prompt appears that enables Noctis to finish off Ardyn. This alludes to the final battle with Cloud and Sephiroth, in which the former unleashes Omnislash to destroy Sephiroth for good.
Spoilers end here.

Crisis Core -Final Fantasy VII-Edit


Banora White sign.

  • There is a sign around Lucis that reads "Banora White." Banora White is a variety of apples in Crisis Core -Final Fantasy VII-.
  • In a random campfire scene, Gladiolus can be seen doing squats in the style of Zack Fair.

Dirge of Cerberus -Final Fantasy VII-Edit

  • One of the guns in Final Fantasy XV is called Cerberus, the new signature weapon for Vincent from Dirge of Cerberus onwards.

Final Fantasy VIIIEdit


Weapons Monthly magazine.

  • There is a "Weapons Monthly" magazine in the item shop at Meldacio Hunter HQ. Weapons Monthly is a magazine in Final Fantasy VIII that gives recipes for remodeling weapons.
  • Some enemies in Final Fantasy XV originate from Final Fantasy VIII.
    • The Mesmenir.
    • The large snake type enemies resemble the Anacondaur from Final Fantasy VIII. They also uses Dark Mist and squeeze abilities.
    • Quetzalcoatl first appeared as a summon in Final Fantasy VIII. It returns as a boss in Final Fantasy XV, and like in Final Fantasy VIII uses Lighting based attacks.
  • Throughout Eos, Noctis can absorb elemental energy from certain objects that contain that magical affinity, such as Fire from a fireplace, or Ice from a nitrogen canister. The more he absorbs, the stronger a particular spell can become. This method of obtaining magic resembles the draw system. Using items for magic crafting is a concept also originating from Final Fantasy VIII.
  • The Ring of the Lucii bears resemblance to the Solomon Ring.
  • There is a greatsword called the Hyperion. This was Seifer Almasy's gunblade in Final Fantasy VIII.
  • There is a gun called Valiant, which debuted as the starter weapon for Irvine Kinneas.
  • One of the businesses in Lucis is "Mama Edea's", a reference to the matron Edea Kramer.
  • Business signs in Insomnia refer to various game elements:
    • "リノア銀行" (Rinoa Ginkō?, lit. Rinoa Bank) alludes to one of the main characters Rinoa Heartilly.
    • "薬カドワキ" (Kusuri Kadowaki?, lit. Kadowaki Medicine) alludes to the non-player character Dr. Kadowaki.
    • "Seven Flash X-ATM" alludes to X-ATM092.
    • "Winhill" vending machines alludes to the town of Winhill.
    • "Koyokoyo Balamb" alluded to the country of Balamb and the alien PuPu, whose Japanese name is "Koyokoyo".
  • At the Moogle Chocobo Carnival, the sidequest "ODEKA ke Chocochicks" was named after the "ODEKA ke Chocobo" theme from the PocketStation add-on that accompanies Final Fantasy VIII, Chocobo World. The theme also plays in one area of Winhill.
  • The nature of Starscourge being able to infect and transform living beings into monsters are similar to the origins of monsters within the world of Final Fantasy VIII, where monsters are lured to the planet from the moon with the crystal of the Lunatic Pandora. After its impact on Eshtar, a great number of people are said to be infected from the attack and are doomed to become monsters due to exposure from the arrival.

Final Fantasy IXEdit

  • In Final Fantasy XV, the Crystal is said to hold the soul of the planet of Eos. This is also the relation of crystals and planets in Final Fantasy IX.

Noctis catching frogs.

  • In Episode Duscae, the player can find Cherished Frogs, which cannot be sold. Their description reads, "Frog from fond childhood memories. Never caught more than nine." This refers to Quina's frog catching minigame from Final Fantasy IX, with the "nine" referring to Final Fantasy IX itself. The player can again catch frogs for a sidequest in the final game.
  • A pair of Mage Mashers based on their Final Fantasy IX appearance is a bonus item for the players who pre-ordered the game from certain outlets.
  • Luna's full name is Lunafreya Nox Fleuret. Her first name is similar to "Freya Crescent", Luna meaning "moon".
  • There is a quest called "A Place to Call Home", named after a prominent theme in Final Fantasy IX.
  • The name for acquiring Hunter Rank 10 is "Alleyway Jack," a reference to the name in which the character Gilgamesh adopts in his appearance in Final Fantasy IX.
  • One of the various signs in Insomnia advertises Morrid's Coffee.
  • In Insomnia, one of the signs read "Karaopera Entertainment Little Eiko", a reference to a character.

Final Fantasy XEdit

Final Fantasy XV - Ixion Staff

Ramuh's staff resembles Ixion.

  • Ramuh's staff resembles Ixion's head. Both are lightning-elemental summons.
  • The player can spot "Pyrefly Motor Oil" at Burbost Souvenir Emporium Outpost in Duscae. Pyreflies are the essence of life energy in Final Fantasy X.
  • One of the businesses in Insomnia is called Spira, the name of the world in Final Fantasy X.
  • The Yojimbo enemy in Final Fantasy XV has similar colored clothes as the aeon Yojimbo from Final Fantasy X. Yojimbo can unveil its bag of gil to do damage to the party. This may also allude to the aeon, as the player had to yield him gil to summon him. The Samurai job class is associated with Gil Toss in the series.

Final Fantasy X-2Edit

  • A business in Insomnia is called "YRP", alluding to the three protagonists from Final Fantasy X-2: Yuna, Rikku, and Paine. The color of each font represents their respective color schemes.

Final Fantasy XIEdit

  • The Mamook Pear Seeds chocobo seeds are named after the Mamook dungeon.

Final Fantasy XIIEdit

Final Fantasy XIIIEdit

  • Lightning's Blazefire Saber appears as a bonus weapon for Noctis, for the players who pre-ordered the game with 7-Eleven in Japan.
  • There is a sidequest called Dust to Dust, a reference to the theme played in Oerba.
  • One of the business signs in Insomnia "Lenora" alludes to Lenora's Garage ran by Maqui.
Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow. (Skip section)
Spoilers end here.

Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIIIEdit

Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow. (Skip section)
  • The conclusion of Noctis's final battle with Ardyn and Lightning's final battle with Bhunivelze share some similarities. Lightning confronts Bhunivelze in Cosmogenesis, an otherworldly realm, where she uses the power of all of the souls of humanity to deliver a fatal blow. Noctis, after ending Ardyn's life, sacrifices himself to end the Starscourge and faces Ardyn in the afterlife, where he and his ancestors deliver a final blow that puts an end to Ardyn.
Spoilers end here.

Final Fantasy XIVEdit

  • Gae Bolg, the Relic weapon of the Dragoon job, appears as a bonus weapon for the players who pre-ordered the game with Amazon Japan.
  • All the chocobo seeds have the same names as chocobo seeds from Final Fantasy XIV, referring to different regions of Hydaelyn.
  • The bracelet accessories in Final Fantasy XV are named after accessories from Final Fantasy XIV.
  • One of the business signs in Insomnia is "Llymlaen", a reference to the goddess of navigation.

Final Fantasy Type-0Edit

  • Dave Auburnbrie gives a series of sidequests asking the party to search for dog tags of fallen hunters, alluding to Knowing Tags in Final Fantasy Type-0, which served as identification in a world where the living lose their memories of the deceased.
  • One of the business signs in Insomnia is "Al-Rashia" with a red bird logo, alluding to Arecia Al-Rashia and the emblem of Rubrum.

Ivalice seriesEdit

  • One of the business signs in Insomnia reads "ガリランド進学セミナール" (Garirando Shingaku Semināru?, lit. Gariland Admission Seminar), alluding to the akademy in the Magick City of Gariland where Ramza and Delita trained in Final Fantasy Tactics.
  • One of the business signs in Lucis is "Uncle Randell's Root Beer", alluding to the Randell family in Final Fantasy Tactics Advance.

Fabula Nova Crystallis: Final FantasyEdit

Final Fantasy XV started as Final Fantasy Versus XIII and part of the same overarching mythos as the Lightning Saga and the Type series games.

  • In the large room during young Noctis's dream sequence in Platinum Demo – Final Fantasy XV, a deck of cards on the floor has the King card featuring the l'Cie symbol on the bottom. The number cards feature numbers written in Etro script, a writing system associated with the goddess Etro.
  • According to legend, Eos was created by a race of beings that descended from a higher plane. While these mysterious beings retreated from the world, the astrals remained and came to be recognized as gods. This is similar to the lore of Fabula Nova Crystallis: Final Fantasy with the gods and the fal'Cie.
Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow. (Skip section)

Soul fragments.

  • During the ending, soul fragments are shown at Noctis and Luna's wedding. They also appear when Noctis inherits a Royal Arm, when he is about to summon, and when he wields the Ring of the Lucii in battle.
  • Noctis's ten-year slumber inside a crystal is similar to crystal stasis as seen in Fabula Nova Crystallis games, although he ages during it.
  • The corruptive force of daemons in the world of Eos is similar to the power of chaos in the Fabula Nova Crystallis mythology.
  • The daemons hearken to the concept of the Cie'th from Fabula Nova Crystallis games. Daemons are born of souls corrupted by darkness, and normal humans can become daemons. The daemon form of Ravus resembles both Cid Raines's Cie'th form from Final Fantasy XIII and Snow's Cie'th form from Lightning Returns: Final Fantasy XIII. The daemons' Japanese name, (シガイ, Shigai?), is also pronounced identically to the Japanese name for Cie'th.
Spoilers end here.

Final Fantasy Versus XIIIEdit


Poster in a subway in Final Fantasy XV.

Allusions to the number thirteenEdit

As a nod to its original title, Final Fantasy Versus XIII, Final Fantasy XV makes references to the number 13. Although many are not necessarily deliberate allusions to the number (whether they are or not is speculative), they are nonetheless present.

  • Regis Lucis Caelum is the 113th king of the Caelum Dynasty, thus making Noctis the 113th successor to the throne.
  • There are thirteen royal arms for Noctis to collect.
  • Noctis is helped by thirteen Lucian kings when he delivers the final blow to the final boss.
  • The license plate of the Regalia is RHS-113.
  • While there are 13 Magic Flasks that can be acquired normally, a secret 14th flask can be found in the sands of Galdin Quay beach near the tackle shop later in the game. The official guide only lists the 13 flasks.

Allusions to the number fifteenEdit

Kingsglaive Symbol Art

The symbol of the Kingsglaive.

Being the fifteenth installment of the series, Final Fantasy XV makes references to the number itself. Although many are not necessarily deliberate allusions to the number 15 (whether they are or not is speculative), they are nonetheless present.

  • Final Fantasy XV has fifteen chapters, with the fifteenth chapter allowing the player to continue the game after the story concludes in Chapter 14.
  • In the Dawn trailer, Noctis and Lunafreya are said to have been "chosen by the stars" fifteen years before the start of the game.
  • The original maximum number of photos Prompto could take is 150. With the Camera Strap accessory, he can take 15 pictures a day. The number of photos the player can hold was upgraded to 200 in a the patch 1.05.
  • The symbol of the Kingsglaive has fifteen swords: seven on each side of the soldier in the middle, who is himself holding one.
  • According to the Final Fantasy XV Ultimania, the Wall around Lucis was erected 150 years ago (although it has only covered the Crown City for the past 30 years).
  • Insomnia is invaded on 16th of May 756. This means Noctis may have departed Citadel the day before, 15th of May.

The party signing "fifteen".

  • During the times the player is prompted to take a group photo, the party poses in scripted ways. One of the poses has the party hold up one finger on one hand, and five fingers on the other.
  • The verse that appears at the end of the Final Fantasy XV Episode Duscae demo and in a Cosmogony book in the final game is from "15:2 'Nadir'."
  • King Regis in his regal gear has fifteen identical gold ornaments on the back of his cape.
  • The number fifteen recurs in some gameplay mechanics. For example, the normal Holy spell restores 15% of Noctis's max MP, and triggering the improved Holy spell by dodging with perfect timing deals 15 times the normal damage (although this may be hard to see because of the damage cap).
  • During Moogle Chocobo Carnival, the player had to find 15 wayward chocobo chicks.

Other Square Enix projectsEdit

Kingdom Hearts seriesEdit

  • Noctis and his group at one point come across a sealed door. The group discusses on how to unlock them and Prompto suggests there might be "a magical key that can unlock any lock like in the video games", referring to Keyblades.


  • At the Coernix Station in Alstor, the player can examine a bottle of Quint Energy Motor Oil. Along with its name, its brand logo is similar to that of the now defunct video game developer company Quintet, who were known for having close relations with Enix as publishers before 2003, and were famous for their games in the Super Nintendo era. Many of their games, specifically that of Actraiser and the Soulblazer series, were the earliest examples of video games providing stories featuring heavy theological and existential themes, and anachronistic real life-meets-fantasy settings. One game that comes to mind with Final Fantasy XV is that of Terranigma, which has the deepest reins in terms of "modern day fantasy" settings and was a pinnacle of achievement in Quintet's history as a developer.

Seiken Densetsu 3Edit

  • The scenario of the game appears to draw upon similarities to the third installment of the Mana series, being that of the Masked Mage arc path.
    • Two kingdoms are pivotal forces in story paths related to each other, being that of the Holy City of Wendel and the Beast Kingdom of Ferolia. Like how Lucis and Tenebrae are juxtaposed as nations of darkness and light respectively in portrayal, Wendel is venerated at the city home to bishops and healers, and the famed Priest of Light, who is sought out by many in the world of Fa'Diel, while Ferolia is excommunicated by nations throughout. Both nations are also signified with that of elements, with Wendel seen as a "city of light" with Ferolia under the state of "eternal night" due to its proximity to the dayless Moonlight Forest. Ferolia becomes key in the Masked Mage's plans to take over the world, much as Ardyn sees Niflheim as his crucial key to rule the world.
    • Noctis juxtaposes main character Kevin, where Lunafreya juxtaposes main character Charlotte. Noctis and Kevin share elements regarding their fathers which motivates them to achieve their goals, are related to their kingly fathers, and have a key canine companion who is important to their story, hailing from nations of darkness. Luna and Charlotte share elements in that they are both influential and sacred roles of legend, Luna being that of the Oracle and Charlotte being the granddaughter of the Priest of Light.
    • Ardyn Izunia's backstory is reminiscent of the backstory of the Masked Mage, Belgar. Like Ardyn, Belgar was once a respected healer of Wendel, before coming across a new unknown disease that plagued a young girl. Turning to the arts of darkness as the magic of light did not heal his patient, his path eventually twisted him as the girl died under his care and as the evil crafts corrupted him enough to leave him susceptible to the forces of Malovia, the demon world. Ardyn was a healer who was shunned for having developed questionable methods to eradicate the darkness of the Starscourge. In Seiken Densetsu 3 Deathjester incites Ferolia into creating dark history. In Final Fantasy XV Ardyn tempts the once peaceful Empire of Niflheim.
  • At Meldacio Hunter HQ, the team can purchase a set of Orichalcum daggers and an accessory known as the Oracle Card. Though seemingly inconsequential, being featured at the same store and at an outpost known for the environmental conservation of ecological habitats from aberrant monsters and daemons, could be references to the best equipment of the Orichalcon and the Lucky Card for the Wanderer class of the thief protagonist Hawkeye, which is an ultimate class specializing in nature based magic and communing with nature. How the Orichalcum inflicts light elemental damage reinforces this reference, as the Wanderer class is considered the lightmost branch of Hawkeye's job class progression chart.

Tomb RaiderEdit

  • At the start of Chapter 7, Ignis says that the Marshal has briefly put his "tomb raiding" on hold to assist a group of hunters.


  • As of patch 1.05, the player can use the Regalia radio and Portable MP3 Player to listen to "Song of the Ancients / Fate" from NieR and "Weight of the World" from NieR Automata.

Non-Square Enix relatedEdit


  • The world in Final Fantasy XV is called Eos. In Greek mythology, Eos is a Titaness and the goddess of the dawn, who rose each morning from her home at the edge of the Oceanus. Sunrise is a theme in Final Fantasy XV.
  • The astral Titan is holding a meteorite on his shoulders. In Greek mythology, Atlas sided with the Titans against the Olympians, and when many of them were condemned to Tartarus Atlas was condemned to stand at the western edge of Gaia and hold up The Heavens on his shoulders.
  • The Cocytus handgun refers to the ninth and lowest circle of Hell from Dante's Inferno. The gun has an affinity to the ice element, in reference to Cocytus being the circle of Hell where traitors are frozen in a lake of ice.
  • The party will come across a Naga looking for its baby. In Japanese folklore, a nure-onna is a yōkai with the head of a woman and the body of a snake, same as the enemy in the game. In some stories, nure-onna is a monstrous being who carries a small, childlike bundle, which she uses to attract potential victims. If a well-intentioned person offers to hold her baby, the bundle becomes incredibly heavy and prevents the victim from fleeing.
  • The first of Dave's tag-hunting sidequests is called "In the Happy Hunting Grounds." The phrase "happy hunting grounds" is used to mean the afterlife in Native American mythology.
  • Noctis and his father Regis may have been further inspired by the legends of Pellam and Pelles, who are best known as the Wounded King and the Fisher King of the Lancelot-Grail rendition of Arthurian myth. Like the father and son who protect the Crystal of Eos, Pellam and Pelles are the last in the line of royalty sworn to protect the Holy Grail; Pellam gains his title due to having suffered grievous wounds to his "thighs and loins", signifying his inability to properly honor a sacred charge to pass on the legacy, and is forced to remain in the castle, while his son Pelles is well enough to journey with guests and partake in fishing, though both suffer from the curse of their realm becoming barren wastes until the coming of Galahad, who is said to heal the wounds of both and reverse the curse. Regis mirrors Pellam in that the use of the Ring of the Lucii and the Crystal drains his life, bringing him to question if passing on such a responsibility to his son is even worth continuing the Lucian dynasty, while Noctis mirrors Pellas in that he journeys out into Lucis with his friends before his coronation as the next king, and shares with him the pastime of fishing.


  • The initial trailers introduced the tagline "There is nothing good or bad, but thinking makes it so". The line comes from the play, Hamlet, by English playwright William Shakespeare.
  • When saving Prompto from Danger status there is a chance he will say: "So this is what it feels like being saved by a prince," with Noctis replying: "Go back to sleep, beauty." This refers to the fairy tale Sleeping Beauty.
  • At the start of battle, Prompto may say "Please sir, I want some more!" impersonating an English accent. This alludes to a famous line in the Charles Dickens novel Oliver Twist.
  • The hunt name for The Last Spiracorns may refer to The Last Unicorn novel, or the movie adaptation.
  • The quest name Stirred, Not Shaken, refers to the phrase "Shaken, not stirred", a catchphrase of Ian Fleming's fictional British Secret Service agent James Bond.
  • A tip for the chocobo racing in the Moogle Chocobo Carnival stated "Sass that hoopy chocobo. Missing a hoop will set you back in the race." The terms "sass" and "hoopy" originate from The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams. "Sass" is defined as to "meet, be aware of, or have sex with," while "hoopy" is defined as "neat" or "really together," as in "Sass that hoopy Ford Prefect? There's a frood who really knows where his towel is!"
  • At the Moogle Chocobo Carnival, the player could do a quest called "The Brothers Kupomazov" to find missing moogle dolls. The name alludes to The Brothers Karamazov, the novel by the famous Russian author Fyodor Dostoyevsky.



Prompto talks about snakes.

  • During the party's time in the Fociaugh Hollow Prompto says "Snakes, why did it have to be snakes?" This refers to Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark, where the titular character utters the same when he ends up in a tomb full of snakes.
  • A sidequest in Leide is named "Conceal, Don't Feel". This refers to the lyrics of "Let it Go" from Disney's Frozen.
  • For the quest "Strike a Pose", Prompto asks Noctis for a photo with the line: "Help me Noctis—you're my only hope!" This is similar to Princess Leia's message to Obi-Wan in Star Wars IV: New Hope.
  • The first time the party takes flight in the Regalia Type-F, Noctis says, "Where we're going, we don't need roads." This refers to Back to the Future Part II. Doc Brown says the same line before demonstrating the DeLorean's new flight capability.
  • When Prompto uses his Piercer ability, he says "All in bullet time, baby!" This alludes to the cinematographic effect known as "bullet time," where the time during a film appears to pause, whilst the camera continues to move at normal speed.
  • When a hunt enemy is located, Prompto will often sing "We're in the money," which is a line from the song "The Gold Diggers' Song (We're in the Money)", from the 1933 film Gold Diggers of 1933.
  • The title of the quest "Dude, Where's My Car?" refers to the movie of the same name.


  • The bill for Deadeye the Behemoth in the Episode Duscae demo describes it as "one-eyed, one-horned, purple, people-eating". "The Purple People Eater" is a novelty song written and performed by Sheb Wooley, which reached #1 in the Billboard pop charts in 1958.
  • The "Killer Queen" enemy shares its name with the 1974 hit single by British rock band Queen.
  • The quest name "When You Believe" may refer to the song "When You Believe" from the 1998 DreamWorks musical animated feature The Prince of Egypt by Mariah Carey and Whitney Houston.
  • The quest name "Poor Misfortunate Soul" alludes to "Poor Unfortunate Souls", a song from the Walt Disney Pictures animated film The Little Mermaid.
  • The quest name "All By Myself" refers to the song "All by Myself" a power ballad by American artist Eric Carmen released in 1975. One of the most notable cover versions was by Celine Dion in 1996.


Video gamesEdit

  • In the English-language dialogue for the "Strike A Pose!" tour event, Prompto will say, "Now say Fuzzy Pickles!" as he takes a picture of Noctis. This is a line taken from Nintendo's SNES RPG EarthBound, in which a photographer appears at various junctures to take a photo of the party.

Real world locationsEdit

  • Many areas in the game are based on real world locations:
Insomnia Kingsglaive Artwork 6



Altissia, the capital of Accordo.

    • Accordo and locations placed around it are based on the city of Venice, Italy.
    • An early concept for the Coernix Station franchise had aesthetics reminiscent of 1950s neon incorporated architecture for the servicing posts; the signature arch for the stations remain without the lighting.
    • The region of Leide, featuring Hammerhead, a gas station and repair shop in the desert, appears to be aesthetically based on the American southwest.


    • The region of Duscae appears to be heavily based on the American Pacific northwest, including coniferous forests, wide lush plains incorporating immense geological features, and frequent rainfall.
    • The subregion of the Vesperpool appears to be heavily based on the American southeast, specifically that of the state of Florida, which is most notable for its national parks and reserves featuring on shore mangrove forest ecosystems, state wide aquafier lake systems, and flat expanses.

Caem shore.

    • Cape Caem's atmosphere and aesthetics are reminiscent of that of the New England/American northeast region, specifically that of the state of Massachusetts. Cape Caem is also likely an allusion to Cape Cod, Massachusetts, which is popular for its coastal expanses as a seaside resort and tourist destination, including its seafood industry and features of lighthouses.
    • An early demo trailer featuring Noctis and Prompto details a destroyed bridge with winding arched design similar to roads found on the Atlantic Ocean Road inter-island highway network of Norway.

Real world products and advertisementsEdit

  • See here for a list of product placement in the game.
  • The middle patch one on the side of Prompto's jacket resembles the Harley-Davidson Motor Company logo.
  • The design of most of the game's cars is based on American and British car models ranging from the 1930s to the mid 1960s by manufacturers such as Ford, Chevrolet, Cadillac, Morris, Austin and Wolseley. Conversely, the cars within Insomnia are mostly based on Japanese car models from the late 1990s and early 2000s.

A hunt poster.

  • The hunt posters around the world say: Kenny and Kelly Crow say: "Only YOU can keep our nests safe! Talk to a local tipster and join the hunt today!" This refers to Smokey Bear, an American advertising mascot created to educate the public about the dangers of forest fires. His later slogan "Remember... Only YOU Can Prevent Forest Fires" was created in 1947.
  • The quest name "Keep Calm and Keep Driving" refers to the phrase Keep Calm and Carry On, a motivational poster produced by the British government in 1939 in preparation for the Second World War. The poster was little known until a copy was rediscovered in 2000. It has since been re-issued by a number of private companies, and has been used as the decorative theme for a range of products.
  • Ardyn's lines "I'm worried about your friends. They've fallen and they can't get up!" during Chapter 12 is based upon a catchphrase from a United States-based television commercial for a medical alarm and protection company.

Real world politicsEdit

  • During Chapter 13 Verse 2, which was added in Patch 1.06, Ignis refers to the daemons' fear of the Crystal as possibly "one of the empire's 'alternative facts'", referencing the controversial phrase used during the aftermath of the 2017 US presidential inauguration.
  • In the same Chapter, Gladiolus refers to the Imperial broadcasts heard as "fake news".



Newspaper of Insomnia's fall.

  • The newspaper of Insomnia's fall enters the player's key items inventory after the scene where the party finds out about the invasion. It is dated for May 17 and some of the pictures on the front page originate from the E3 2013 reveal trailer, which was a prototype for the game; the imperial airships hovering over what appear to be apartment buildings, and Verstael Besithia leading a group of magitek soldiers.


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