(1.0) Near the end of the cutscene in which Gaius fights Thancred, Y'shtola, Yda, and Papalymo, the four Circle of Knowing members stand a distance from him in a small row. This could be a visual reference to how parties used to stand in rows in the first ten Final Fantasy games.
Four crystals can be seen during the animation of Thaumaturge ability, Swiftcast, alluding to the four crystals in early Final Fantasy titles.
In the various promotional screenshots, names of various playable characters from previously released games are used to name the characters.
A miniature classic airship can be obtained as a pet, as well as a "pointing finger" similar to those used as a cursor in previous entries of the series.
The CG renders and concept art for the Summoner of Final Fantasy XIV: A Realm Reborn show the summoner with a horn-like adornment on his head, echoing how summoners with forehead horns appear in various Final Fantasy titles. The horn is also present in the class's Artifact Armor.
The 2013 All Saints Wake (Halloween) event features a Magic Pot NPC. It resembles the imps of Final Fantasy XI and Final Fantasy XIV hiding in the conventional urn. When players interact with it, it boasts that the Impressario gave it an Elixir and rocks backward gleefully. Magic Pot is a recurring enemy in the series that yields excellent spoils if appeased with an Elixir. There is also a Magic Pot NPC in the Isles of Umbra that gives you the wind-up sun minion if you give it an elixir.
Before most storyline battles, the common "whoosh" effect of previous games' random encounters is seen.
When completing to quest to obtain a Zodiac Weapon Zeta, the "Got an Important Item" jingle plays.
Cid Garlond's airship is named Enterprise. Enterprise first appeared as a name for an airship in Final Fantasy III.
The Artifact Equipment for the Summoner job class is called the "Evoker's equipment" and the upgraded version is the "Summoner's equipment", alluded to the job Evoker and its upgraded version, the Summoner from Final Fantasy III.
When casting his ability, Glasya Labolas will make the same pose as his Final Fantasy III sprite.
Xande's obsession with his mortality and fear of the inevitable lead him to make a pact with a being from the void, the Cloud of Darkness, mirroring his ambitions in Final Fantasy III.
Doga and Unei are named after the two sages from Final Fantasy III.
The Onion Helm is a helmet available to players who purchased the Collectors Edition of the original game, the rest of the Onion equipment is available as prizes in the Crystal Tower. Onion equipment debuted in Final Fantasy III with the Onion Knight job.
The minion "Wind-up Onion Knight" can be found in a treasure chest after the party defeats Xande. It's a minion based on the original NES sprite of the Final Fantasy III Onion Knight.
All of the weapons that can be purchased with Rowena Tokens gained from the quest Primal Focus are named from weapons in Final Fantasy III. All of the weapons in Final Fantasy III are used by the job that equips them in Final Fantasy XIV with the exception of two: the Elder Staff and Omnirod are swapped, the Elder Staff is used by white mages and the Omnirod is used by black mages (in Final Fantasy III).
The Orison set of equipment for the White Mage job is based on the White Mage robe.
The Wind-up Magus and Wind-up Viking enemies inside of the Antitower are based on the Magus and Viking jobs, being based on their sprites from the original Famicom version.
Cecil'sPaladin headband and earrings could be obtained by pre-ordering Final Fantasy XIV: Heavensward.
The final line on the card that provides the item code is "May they take you back to a time when two was four and four was two," a reference to how Square titled the SNES version of Final Fantasy IV as Final Fantasy II for the western market.
The players will encounter a "darkness" version of themselves during one of the Dark Knight job quests, similar to the event in Final Fantasy IV.
The Tantra set of equipment for Monk job is based on Yang Fang Leiden's Yoshitaka Amano's artwork.
The second final boss of Pharos Sirius (Hard), the Progenitor, is based on the Dad Bomb boss from Final Fantasy IV -Interlude-. In the Japanese version, the boss is called "Father Bomb" (ファザーボム, Fazā Bomu?).
Gilgamesh's name is used in example sentences for the chat log filtering configuration. He later makes an appearance in the game and fights the adventurer during Hildibrand storyline. Enkidu also appears alongside him as a green chicken before he transform into his Final Fantasy V form later in the story. Gilgamesh debuted in Final Fantasy V as a recurring boss and comic relief character.
In the cutscene just before the second phase of the "Battle in the Big Keep" trial, Gilgamesh recites almost verbatim his pre-battle lines from Final Fantasy V.
The Forgotten Springs in Thanalan is a small village of predominately female Miqo'tes dressing in ancient outfits, similar to those villagers of Mirage Village. Their males (including the breeding male) are inside one of the huts.
In a later story quest, the player fights Siren on a beach surrounded by the hulls and flotsam of beached ships. The place is called "Ship Graveyard." A similar event happens in Final Fantasy V.
A character based on Final Fantasy V lead character Krile Mayer Baldesion appears, designed after her namesake in White Mage attire. Prior to her debut in 3.1, Krile is only mentioned in a few scenes. The first one being when Minfilia speaks to her, via linkpearl in an underlain audio, after the Scions reunite and escape Castrum Centri together. After her audio is finished, there is a brief line where she says, "... My regards to grandfather." This references Galuf, another playable character in Final Fantasy V who is Krile's grandfather.
In patch 2.1, Krile is referred to in main-quest written dialogue, and in patch 2.2, it is discovered that the Isle of Val has "disappeared." Furthermore, the "Krile" character mentioned here is said to be part of the "Students of Baldesion." In Final Fantasy V Galuf and Krile hailed from the kingdom of Bal and their surname was "Baldesion".
There is a sidequest in Dravanian Forelands that the player has to obtain a bunch of Wyvern Tails, a grass-like plant found growing on the northern hills, and used it to heal a wyvern's wounds. In Final Fantasy V the party must venture to Drakenvale to find dragon grass to heal a wind drake.
(1.0) During the 2011 All Saints Wake (Halloween) event, the trickster imps would randomly say "Life... Dreams... Imps... Where do they come from? And where do they go?" upon spawning, quoting Kefka's speech during the final battle of Final Fantasy VI.
The Garlean Empire technology is called magitek, and has advanced considerably due to the works of a Cid and is primarily used for military purposes. Additionally, a Magitek Armor mount is available to players (although its actual design is based more on Yoshitaka Amano's "armless" design seen in concept art, rather than the "armored suit with arms" design seen in the game as printed). In Final Fantasy VI, magitek technology is employed by the Gestahlian Empire, invented by the engineer Cid Del Norte Marquez.
The first video showing the Magitek Armor in-game was a short recreation of the opening to Final Fantasy VI, with a green haired female hyur and two other characters riding the Magitek Armor in a snowy region, and a remix of "Terra's Theme" playing in the background. As of Patch 2.55, the remix of "Terra's Theme" is now the mount music for the Magitek Armor.
The 2013 All Saints Wake (Halloween) event features a circus troupe led by a man named "The Impressario," alluding to an NPC of the same name in the Opera House of Final Fantasy VI.
There is a Phantom Train linking several Garlean Castra. During the main story quest "Escape from Castrum Centri," Yda and Y'shtola sneak into the Imperial stronghold using the train, and a depot is briefly visited during runs through Castrum Meridianum. Phantom Train was a supernatural train in Final Fantasy VI that the party accidentally boards and must escape from.
Doma is the name of a nation-state far across the sea from Eorzea, and when it resists the control of the Empire, it is wiped out as an example to other nations. Doma in Final Fantasy VI is also wiped out after resisting the Gestahlian Empire. In addition to this, like its Final Fantasy VI counterpart, Doma appears to be based on feudal Japan.
Ultros and Typhon make a cameo appearance as optional bosses in Hildibrand storyline. The original version of "The Decisive Battle" theme plays during the battle against them. Ultros is a recurring boss and comic relief character in Final Fantasy VI who has a friend named Typhon.
Ultros also uses direct quotes from Final Fantasy VI several times during his cutscenes.
The Allag flagship on which the Aetherochemical Research Facility is stationed bears golden statues of the Warring Triad around a tower-like object. The Warring Triad were petrified deities and the origin of magic in Final Fantasy VI. The first boss theme of Sephirot, the Fiend, is a remix of Battle to the Death, the boss theme that plays when fighting the Warring Triad in Final Fantasy VI.
(1.0) When the player underwent the first "Horn & Hand" faction leve, a NPC said the following: "Why, if it isn't Sephiroth! Or was it Sephiross? Setirophx? xXxSephirothxXx?", referring to Sephiroth and common variations used to name characters on MMOs (and by proxy, Final Fantasy XIV itself—although of comical note is due to the game's naming conventions, some of the variations are not possible in XIV itself).
(1.0) An NPC in the Miner quests mistakenly called players by the wrong name. He called a Midlander Hyur "Cloud," and a Miqo'te "Aerith," both main characters from Final Fantasy VII.
(1.0) There were two references to the Final Fantasy VII main antagonist Sephiroth, both of which are made by main antagonist Nael Van Darnus (and might explain why he is designated the Legatus of the VIIth Legion):
In "United We Stand," after wounding the player, Nael took his leave similarly to that of Sephiroth in the Nibelheim burning scene.
Nael sought to destroy Eorzea and subsequently purify it by using forbidden magicks to summon the Meteor-like moon Dalamud. Sephiroth similarly attempts to destroy Gaia by using the Black Materia to summon Meteor in Final Fantasy VII. Both do so because they feel it is their birthright and duty.
One of the Cactuar enemies is called Sabotender Del Sol after the location Costa del Sol in Final Fantasy VII.
A small resort town named Costa del Sol is located in La Noscea, named after a similar place in Final Fantasy VII.
Cloud's Buster Sword is used when the player performs Braver and Sword Dance.
"Healing Wind", "Breath of the Earth," and "Pulse of Life" all appear as healer Limit Breaks. These were Aeris's Limit Breaks in Final Fantasy VII.
A light form of Aeris's Guard Stick is used when the player performs healer Limit Breaks.
During the quest "The Company You Keep," both magitek engineers, Biggs and Wedge, are found at the crash site of an airship called the Tiny Bronco. Tiny Bronco was Cid Highwind's airplane in Final Fantasy VII.
Cloud Strife, Tifa Lockhart, and Aerith Gainsborough's names are used in example sentences for the chat log filtering configuration (with Cloud often being the butt of many jokes in the examples).
After construction upgrades were done to Revenant's Toll, it now features a tavern called "Seventh Heaven"—named after the bar and restaurant owned and run by Tifa Lockhart in Final Fantasy VII. The owner jokes that she was going to call the bar "Cloud Nine," but thought it would be too effeminate for the clientele.
Patch 2.3 introduced an NPC named Jessie as a member of Garlond Ironworks, a reference to the AVALANCHE member of the same name from Final Fantasy VII. They have a similar hairstyle.
The quote of the Cait Sith Doll minion is "What may be a few to you was everything to those who died...", a line Cait Sith said to Barret in Final Fantasy VII in regard to collateral damage caused by AVALANCHE.
While between missions during the Dreams of Ice story missions, Yda competes at squats with Hoary Boulder, referring to the minigame from Final Fantasy VII.
Manderville Gold Saucer is inspired by the Gold Saucer from Final Fantasy VII.
The Japanese name of the Savage variant of the Second Coil of Bahamut is the "Great Labyrinth of Bahamut Type-0" (大迷宮バハムート零式, Dai Meikyuu Bahamūto Reishiki?), referring to the Japanese name of the Bahamut ZERO summon, who first appeared in Final Fantasy VII.
Dark Knight's victory pose resembles Cloud's victory pose.
The Double and Triple abilities used by the Ascian Nabriales during the Chrysalis trial, like the same spells that first appeared in Final Fantasy VIII, allow the user to cast magic multiple times. The animations for the abilities strongly resemble the Double and Triple spell animations originally used in Final Fantasy VIII.
The Triple Triad card game originates from Final Fantasy VIII.
One of the Leatherworking tradecraft levequests added in Heavensward is called "Maybe He's A Lion."
(1.0) The theme song of Gridania, "Born of the Boughs" may have been heavily inspired by "To Zanarkand" from Final Fantasy X. Both themes were composed by Nobuo Uematsu.
(1.0) An NPC in the Miner quests mistakenly called players by the wrong name, calling a Midlander Hyur "Tidus," an allusion to the protagonist of Final Fantasy X.
Tidus is also referred to by an NPC who misheard Titan's name as "Tidus."
The circle of birth, life, and death in Hydaelyn works in the same way as Spira's. When a living being dies, it returns to the aetherial realm and reincarnate into a new life. The spirit energies in the realm are called "Lifestream", the term from Final Fantasy VII. Primals can be called from these energies similar to how the summoners in Spira call their aeons.
Garlean machines are referred to as "machina," a term used in Spira to refer to machines before the Eternal Calm.
The boss room of the Tam-Tara Deepcroft is called "Eternal Calm." Eternal Calm is a state Spira longs for in Final Fantasy X where Sin would never return.
During the 2014 Heavensturn (New Year) event, during the year of the horse, an argument between the Chief "Chocowhacker" and the far eastern Uma Bugyo contains the following line: "As for your precious horses, they're just unicorns with a big empty forehead! Hornless! Hornless!" This alludes to Biran and Yenke Ronsos' mocking of Kimahri Ronso for his broken horn in Final Fantasy X.
The battle against Bismarck is reminiscent of the battle against Sin in terms of them both being giant flying whales fought in the air, while the mechanics of the fight also recall the battle against Evrae.
Soul crystals have inscriptions related to past warriors' deeds and, when equipped, allow the player to use a job related to those warriors. This concept is similar to that of dresspheres in Final Fantasy X-2.
An Arcanist quest is titled "A Thousand Words" which is a reference to the songYuna sings in Final Fantasy X-2.
(1.0) Two of the Achievement NPCs bear the last name of "Ironheart," a reference to the famous cartographer Gwynham Ironheart. They are Milith Ironheart (in charge of Dungeons) and Nedrick Ironheart (in charge of Exploration). The two have switched roles after 2.0, as Milith is now the character who gives the adventurer access to the Sightseeing Log, and Nedrick is present as the quest giver for various dungeons apart from the main story, such as the Sunken Temple of Qarn and Amdapor Keep.
(1.0) The NPC responsible for unlocking the battle category of achievements was named Atelloune, sharing her name with a minor NPC present in Final Fantasy XI. Both of them are researching monsters, wear the exact same outfit and are of similar races (Elvaan/Elezen).
All of the playable races are derived from the Final Fantasy XI races, although there are enough differences that they are likely not connected (namely the female Roegadyn).
Several beast tribes, namely the Qiqirn, Mamool Ja, Gigas, and Goblins, are upscaled versions of their Final Fantasy XI models. Many other monsters are taken from Final FantasyFinal Fantasy XI, Final Fantasy XII, and Final Fantasy XIII.
The design of chocobos are based on the chocobos from Final Fantasy XI.
The original beastmen from 1.0 were likely derived from beastmen in Final Fantasy XI as well. The Ixal are flightless birds like the Yagudo, the Amalj'aa strongly resemble Mamool Ja, and the Kobolds are reminiscent of Goblins (or more specifically their subterranean brethren, the Moblins). Goblins and Mamool Ja were not introduced until long after 1.0's release.
The primal, Garuda strongly resembles the design for the Final Fantasy XI Garuda in that she is a pale green winged woman.
Several weapons from the Grand Companies of Eorzea lore are direct references to important characters and weapons from Final Fantasy XI.
Both the names of the artifact and vintage armor sets for all jobs (e.g. Healer's/Cleric's gear) are identical to the names of the two artifact armor sets in Final Fantasy XI.
The Pugilists's Guild's introductory statements refer to a woman named Cornelia, who founded the guild. This is a reference to a Monkof the same name in Final Fantasy XI.
The first name of Raubahn Aldynn, the leader of the Grand Company Immortal Flames, is identical to Raubahn, the captain of the Immortals in Final Fantasy XI.
A Mammet by the name of Ovjang appears as a hunt in Central Thanalan, a reference to the other of Aphmau's automatons.
An NPC in the Weaver's guild sings the line "Distant worlds together. Miracles from realms beyond" from the song "Distant Worlds" in a speech bubble while she spins thread.
Fenrir appears as the final boss of Snowcloak, and both his appearance and his abilities (such as Lunar Cry) are similar to that of his Final Fantasy XI incarnation.
The gatekeeper for the Ninja headquarters in Final Fantasy XIV speaks the word "Ayame", to which the password that must be replied is "Kaede". Ayame and her sister Kaede are both figures in the Ninja questline of Final Fantasy XI.
The bosses of Wanderer's Palace (Hard) seems to be based on the following Mamool Ja Notorious Monsters from Final Fantasy XI in terms of looks and design:
Frumious Koheel Ja is based on Lancelord Gaheel Ja.
Slithy Zolool Ja is based on Sagelord Molaa Ja.
Manxome Molaa Ja Ja is based on Gulool Ja Ja.
Numerous Miqo'te names are taken from Final Fantasy XI; see Miqo'te/Naming for details.
The enemies inside the hard mode version of the Lost City of Amdapor are upgraded models of the enemies from Final Fantasy XI. The Void Monk is based on the Sea Monk enemies, Mana Idols are based on the Doll enemy class, and the Mana Pots are based on the Magic Pot enemies.
A scene with Nael Van Darnus marching, followed by a few Garlean soldiers, resembles the Archadian judges marching towards the screen during the opening of Final Fantasy XII. The same can be said of Gaius Van Baelsar and his Tribunes during the events of Final Fantasy XIV: A Realm Reborn.
When fighting the Ascian Nabriales during the Chrysalis trial, he will use certain abilities that first appeared in Final Fantasy XII. His damage over time attack, Blight, is named after the special attack of the same name used by the Esper Cúchulainn, who was the Scion of Darkness that opposed Nabriales, the Majestic. He also uses Dark IV (ダージャ, Dāja?, lit. Darkja) as his special attack during the battle, with Dark IV's spell animation strongly resembling Zodiark's Darkja spell used during the boss fight against it inside the Henne Mines.
The primal essences that can be called forth by the Summoner are called egi, an allusion to Garuda-Egi boss in Final Fantasy XII.
Likewise, the last battle from the Summoner quest line is against Belias-Egi, the essence of Belias, the first Esper the player is likely to fight in Final Fantasy XII.
In general, Final Fantasy XIV: A Realm Reborn reuses an enormous number of creature models, and in certain cases even textures, from various Final Fantasy XII enemies.
The Feral Croc and Mirrorknight enemies are reused directly; the Mirrorknights also receive a new version called "Dreadknight" in the Binding Coil of Bahamut, with an updated texture.
The model of the Basilisk enemy is heavily reused as the design for various serpent enemies, ranging from low-level monsters to major bosses like Caduceus in the Binding Coil of Bahamut (in the latter's case, the texture has been updated substantially).
The Scythe Mantis and some of its cousins also feature directly in the game, again with fairly un-updated textures. As with the serpents, mantises also appear in the Binding Coil, where they also receive a major texture revision.
The Clockwork Bug enemies found inside Turn 4 of the Binding Coil of Bahamut are the same model as that of the Mimic enemies from Final Fantasy XII.
The Spinner-Rook is also reused directly in the same Turn; even retaining the "Pox" ability.
The dragons of the Dravanian Horde use a large number of "dragon" models from Final Fantasy XII—the Aevis dragon-soldiers use the model, animations and even the wholly unmodified texture of the Cataract Aevis (with the "Jura Aevises" found later in Stone Vigil Hard Mode using the texture of the Archaeoaevis instead); "smaller" four-legged dragons, including Stone Vigil boss Chudo-Yudo or hunt mark Maracco, reuse the model and texture of the Ring Wyrm (sans its iconic rings); the general model and design of Tyrant is used for a number of enemies, including Tyrant himself in Pharos Sirius, and the Stone Vigil Hard Mode boss Gorynich, reuses a model and design similar to that of the Fafnir mark.
The first boss of Halatali is named Firemane; curiously, the model for the creature is that of a "normal" fire elemental.
The "ADS" and similar enemies in the Binding Coil take some design cues from the Sphere-Rook; unlike many of the above examples, however, this is only very general visual cues, as the actual models, textures and animations are unique.
Since version 2.3, the players can accept hunt requests from the billboard in all three Grand Companies. It is an allusion to the hunt sidequests in Final Fantasy XII.
Clan Centurio makes an appearance in Final Fantasy XIV: Heavensward. Returning as a clan of hunters they give players mark bills and reward them with Centurio Seals upon defeating Marks. In Final Fantasy XII Clan Centurio was an elite hunting club the player could join.
The Mandragora royals appear in a sidequest involving Hildibrand.
The King Tomatominion alludes to the Rogue Tomato mob with a quote: "It is apparently a rogue, outcast from its kin, a stranger in a strange land" attributed to Tomaj. In Final Fantasy XII, Tomaj tasks Vaan to fell the Rogue Tomato as the first hunt.
Tomato King is also an enemy in the game.
Targeted enemies for Hunt sidequests will have a Tomato King icon on their name plate.
The GnathBeastmen are modeled after the Urutan-Yensa from Final Fantasy XII.
In the stinger for the Patch 3.1 Main Scenario Quest "As Goes Light, So Goes Darkness", Urianger discusses a book called the Gerun Oracles, which shares its name with the Occurian king.
Kuribu, the final boss of the hard mode version of the Lost City of Amdapor, uses the Reverse and Decoy abilities, spells that first appeared in Final Fantasy XII.
Some of the Pulse/Ancient Automata-type enemies are reused as enemies in Final Fantasy XIV: A Realm Reborn. The Beta Behemoth enemy is also brought into the game during the Lightning Strikes storyline.
During the event Lightning Strikes, there is a Harbor Herald article entitled "The Trinkets of Eshtaime's Lapidaries Fail to Strike Lightning's Fancy," linking Lightning's emergence to Eorzea's native allusion to Hope Estheim.
Lightning and Snow's hairstyles are available for player characters after finishing event Lightning Strikes and "Beauty Is Only Scalp Deep" sidequest.
Jandelaine, the aesthetician non-player character, begins his service by turning a female Lalafell's hair into Lightning's hairstyle.
Ruin appears as an Arcanist ability. It shares the same animation and effect with its Final Fantasy XIII counterpart.
In the quest "Rolling With The Snowies" in Coerthas Central Highlands, the snowman says "Revolutionaries always get called crazy." The same line was used by Fang in Final Fantasy XIII.
An NPC in the All Saints Wake 2014 event quest "Yes We Cant" uses the phrase "sugar and rainbows." "Sugar and rainbows" was said by Sazh Katzroy in Final Fantasy XIII.
A weapon conjured by Snow Villiers and briefly used by him in the opening, called the l'Cie Bardiche in Final Fantasy XIV, could be obtained from one of the FATEs during the temporary event "Lightning Strikes".
There are several references to a Corpse Brigade led by Milleuda the Slitter, in Full Active Time Events and guildleves.
In one quest, there's line uttered by the cowardly merchant, Ungust, that quotes, "Spare me your contempt! If you want to blame someone for the mess the world's in, blame yourselves or the gods!" A line Delita Heiral says in the beginning of the PS version of Final Fantasy Tactics to Princess Ovelia Atkascha (it was changed to "'Tis your birth and faith that wrong you... not I" in the War of the Lions version).
The dark deity Zodiark is represented by a character called Elidibus, named after an optional superboss fought at the bottom of the Midlight's Deep in Final Fantasy Tactics; Zodiark appeared as a summon used in battle by Elidibus, who was implied to have pledged his soul to the dark being.
Being the fourteenth installment of the series, Final Fantasy XIV makes some references to the number itself. Although they are not necessarily deliberate allusions to the number 14 (whether they are or not is speculative), they are nonetheless present.
There are fourteen warriors grouped together on the game's logo.
The Garlean Army is divided into fourteen legions.
The first boss of the Keeper of the Lake dungeon is called Einhänder, in reference to a PS1-era Squaresoft side-scrolling shooter by the same name. The boss, as well as the game's titular spacecraft, arm themselves by carrying around large projectile weapons snatched from the battlefield. It has identical companions named Astraea, which is one of the ship types the player can use in the game.
A Full Active Time Event titled "Full Metal Alchemist" can be found in U'Ghamaro Mines.
There are two young NPCs sitting at the fountain near the Alchemist guild in Ul'dah, referencing the series' protagonists, Elric brothers: One says, "No manner of alchemy can bring our father back." The other replies, "But there must be a way! There has to be!"
"Cleric Stance" is a Conjurer ability that swap current INT and MND attributes of the user, increasing magick potency of attacking spells and decreasing healing potency of healing spells. This ability is called "Crusader Stance," referring to the warriors of Crusade War.
"Benediction" is a White Mage ability that restores all of HP of the target.
The titles of the two FATE's for the Behemoth battle, "Behold Now Behemoth" and "He Taketh It with His Eyes," are both quotes describing the behemoth from the Book of Job in the Bible: Job 40:15 and Job 40:24 respectively.
A quest in Western La Noscea is titled "My Brother's Not a Keeper," in reference to the line Cain says of Abel.
A quest in Outer La Noscea is called "Return to your Dust," which is similar to the phrase a priest says when giving ashes on Ash Wednesday.
A room within the Vault is called "Saint Thordan's Basilica". Similar to St. Peter's Basilica, it is located within the Holy See and named for an important figure in the founding of the denomination that worships there: Saint Peter was the first Catholic Pope and "Saint Thordan" could refer to one of seven Ishgardian figures, but most likely Thordan I.
The Heavens' Ward is associated with Ascalon: King Thordan casts spells such as Light of Ascalon and Ascalon's Mercy, and the title for defeating the Heavens' Ward is called "The End of Ascalon". Ascalon was the site of the final battle of the First Crusade, and, according to a myth popularized in the Crusades, the name of the lance of Saint George, who slew a dragon.
The boss of the 1st Turn of the Binding Coil of Bahamut is named after Hermes's staff (Caduceus). Incidentally, Hermes's Caduceus has two snakes wrapped around it.
The snake mini bosses as the 5th turn of the Binding Coil of Bahamut are named after Asclepius, god of cure and son of Apollo, and Hygiea, one of Asclepius' daughters, goddess of hygiene. One version of the greek myth states that, after being killed by Zeus for bringing the dead back to life, Asclepius's body was made a star of the Ophiucus (the snake holder) constellation. Asclepius if often represented holding a staff with one snake wrapped around it, which is a common symbol for medicine.
The first boss of the Void Ark, Cetus, is the name of the sea monster slain by the hero Perseus.
At the end of the Void Ark, Diabolos retrieves a coffin containing Scathach, the Shadow Queen. In the Ulster Cycle of Irish mythology, Scáthach was a Scottish warrior woman and martial arts instructor who trained both Cú Chulainn and Ferdiad.
While the Roegadyn's Sea Wolves and Hellsguard seem to correspond to the frost giants and fire giants, the Elezens' Wildwood and Duskwight branches are respectively based on the Light Elves (Ljosalfr) and the Dark Elves (Dókkalfr).
Jehantel of the Bard quests speaks the line "You would know why I truly abandoned the battlefield and became a bard? That I took an arrow to the knee is what most folk believe...", a reference to the infamous Skyrim NPC line "I used to be an adventurer like you, then I took an arrow to the knee."
During one of the cutscenes in the main storyline, in response to the death of a soldier codenamed "Mad Snake", Raubahn Aldynn cried out "Mad Snake! Mad Snaaaaake!" This is a reference to the Game Over screen in the Metal Gear Solid series where, following the death of the protagonist—normally codenamed Solid Snake or Naked Snake—one of the characters similarly cries out "Snake? Snake?! Snaaake!" in reaction.
A chain of FATEs in the Dravanian Hinterlands involving gobling machinery references the series. The FATE names are "Metal Gears Rising," "Metal Gears Revengeance" and "Metal Gears Revengeance 2."
There is a conversation in the Paladin questline: "What... what is this? Blood?", "Hope this is not Solkzagyl's blood...". This is a reference to the conversation between Jill Valentine and Barry Burton from the first Resident Evil game.
The achievement that is earned by defeating Shiva in Akh Afam Amphitheatre (Extreme) is called "Let it Go," after the song from Disney's Frozen. In addition, her theme contains the lyrics, "These voices telling me let it go (let it all go)."
The Gnat type enemies will use an ability called Brundleflight, which is a teleportation maneuver. The main character in The Fly inadvertently merged species with a housefly through a teleportation pod and began calling himself "Brundlefly."
One of the Botanist levequest is called "Shaken, Not Stirred." It's a catchphrase of Ian Fleming's fictional British Secret Service agent James Bond, and his preference for how he wished his Martini prepared. It was first uttered in the films by Sean Connery in Goldfinger in 1964.
A FATE in the Black Shroud featuring a pack of invading Anoles, which are velociraptor-type monsters, is titled "Clever Girls." This refers to a line spoken by the park's game warden Robert Muldoon just before being out-maneuvered by velociraptors in the first Jurassic Park movie.
The boss room of Captain Madison, the second boss of Sastasha (Hard) is called "Dead Man's Drink," a reference to "Dead Man's Chest," the second installment of the series. In the same dungeon, the last boss Kraken casts a move called "Stranger Tides" and when the player gets hit by it, it says "World's End." These are similar to the titles of the third and fourth movies of the series, "At World's End" and "On Stranger Tides."
Another "Dead Man's Chest" reference is a FATE called "Dead Man's Rest" in Western La Noscea.
One of the earliest available Miner Levequests is named "Get to the Copper!" Arnold Schwarzenegger's character, Major Alan "Dutch" Schaefer, in the 1987 sci-fi action movie Predator, was directing a helicopter evacuation from a scene on the ground after the rest of Dutch's team had been killed off by the alien Predator. Before confronting the monster, Major Schaefer yells the line "Get to the Chopper!" to get Anna safely onboard the chopper.
Quest for entering The Bowl of Embers (Hard) is called "Ifrit bleeds, we can kill it." Major Schaefer says "if it bleeds, we can kill it" after noticing predator's blood.
A carrier mission called "Sudul Eht Nioj" is the phrase, Join the Ludus backwards, this is likely in reference to the famous 'Join the Navy' episode of the Simpsons.
The post-release storyline includes a quest by the name of "You Have Selected Regicide;" a reference to the Season 6 episode Bart of Darkness.
An NPC named Heavy-eye Invalid from the Scholar storyline says the line "Can't sleep, mummer will eat me. Can't sleep, mummer will eat me."; a reference to the tenth episode in the fourth season (Lisa's First word) when Bart says "Can't sleep, clown will eat me. Can't sleep, clown will eat me."
A quest in the main storyline is named "Life, Materia and Everything."
One of the mammets in Ul'dah says, "The answer is...................42."
The fishing log description of the Mushroom Crab mentions that after eating the mushrooms on the crab's back, a theologian had a vision showing him that the meaning of life was the number 41.
The title of the Level 50 Fisher class quest is "So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish", which is the title of the fourth book in the Hitchhiker series. A Beast Tribe quest is similarly titled "And Thanks for All the Fish."
The phrase "mortal coil", meaning the turmoil of mortal life, appears several times in Final Fantasy XIV, despite not being used often in modern English; the description of the culinarian levequest "Drinking to Your Health" notes that "Neither the search for knowledge nor service to the poor is known for its tonic effects upon the mortal coil" and Alexander's boss theme includes the lyrics "The mortal coil we serve is taut like a spring". This phrase originates in Hamlet's famous "To be or not to be" speech, in which he muses on being "shuffled off this mortal coil", i.e. dying.
A series of Legacy achievements involving defending Hamlets are called "To Be or Not To Be the Guardian".
The achievement "A Flower by Any Other Name" obtained by defeating Rafflesia in The Second Coil of Bahamut - Turn 1 (Savage) and the quest title "A Wild Rose by Any Other Name" are based on the frequently referenced line "A rose by any other name would smell as sweet" from Romeo and Juliet.
The Pugilist quest giver Hamon remarks once, "Make no mistake, these toads are huge, which means they have huge guts," referring to a similar statement made by Doomguy in the ill-fated comic book adaptation of Doom.
The levequest "Shut Up and Take My Gil," is a reference to the "Shut up and take my money!!" line from the episode Attack of the Killer App. Additionally, during the quest "Scent of Cinnamon," an NPC exclaims "Be silent and take my gil!"
The Pugilist quest giver is named Hamon, a reference to the Hamon in JoJo's Bizarre Adventure, the signature martial arts technique in the first two parts.
The NPC Jandelaine dresses in the extravagant style the manga is known for and does many of the signature poses from the manga, including those of Dio Brando, Josuke Higashikata, Noriaki Kakyoin, Joseph Joestar, and Killer Queen.
There are several instances alluding to My Little Pony in referring to the chocobo mount system, such as newspaper articles posted on the lodestone, using the phrase "My little Chocobo." It is also an achievement gained when the player gets their chocobo.
The follow up quest in which the players learn the ability to summon his/her chocobo into battle is called "My Feisty Little Chocobo."
The second boss of the Antitower is Ziggy who is accompanied by a group of Stardusts. This is a reference to "Ziggy Stardust", a song from Bowie's album, "The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars".
In the 2013 All Saints Wake (Halloween) event, the Magic Pot (see in Final Fantasy series allusions) sings "Earth, Wind, and Fire; That's what I desire" upon receiving three candies representing those elements.
Primal Shiva says "Embrace the serenity... Renounce the hatred that consume you... And scatter them like dust in the wind..." before using her ultimate attack, Diamond Dust. "Dust in the Wind" is a song written by Kansas.
There's a sidequest called "It's Not a Bug, It's a Creature," a reference to "It's not a bug, It's a feature," the excuse made by Mozilla to try to convince the users that a bug in Firefox is actually what it's supposed to be doing.
A text known as The Emerald Tablet which was translated by Isaac Newton, purported to contain the secrets of alchemy and transmutation, begins with the line "'Tis true without lying." The alchemy achievements reference this.
During the main quest, the players meet a character named Tataru. While alone, before the player arrives, she sings various tunes, one of which is "Trololo-lo". This is a reference to the popular Internet meme, the troll song, often associated with internet trolls.
In reference to the popular acronym "WTF", a series of three achievements named "WTFungah I," "WTFungah II," and "WTFungah III" where added in patch 2.51.
One of the Ninja job quests is named "Pirates versus Ninjas," refers to the comedic internet and gaming meme regarding a theoretical conflict between archetypal Western pirates and Japanese ninjas, generally including arbitrary "debate" over which side would win in a fight.
The title of a Beast Tribe quest, "In the Sylphlands, Treasure Hunts You," references the popular "In Soviet Russia" jokes reversing the normal order of things for humorous effect.
A White Mage job quest is titled "Only You Can Prevent Forest Ire", referencing the Smokey the Bear "Only You Can Prevent Forest Fires" ad campaign.
There's a FATE called "Royal Rumble" in the East Shroud where the players have to fight a miniboss on a huge stump, referred to the Royal Rumble, WWE's famous event in which a number of wrestlers aim at eliminating their competitors by tossing them out off the ring.
The quest name, "A Modest Proposal," informs the player that they must recover an adamantoise egg that it might be eaten. The real A Modest Proposal is a satire suggesting the starving Irish public consume babies.
There's a FATE in Lower La Noscea titled "You Call That a Toad," the player has to kill a group of enemies called "Cane Toad" after local wheat farmers brought these toads from Cieldalaes to devour the locusts but the cane toads have no natural predators on Vylbrand and have taken over the region, leaving the farmers with no choice but to slay them all. This is an allusion to the similar situation in Australia where the government had to ask their citizens to eliminate cane toads to protect the environment and the food chain in Australia.
A quest in Eastern La Noscea called "To You from Failing Hands We Throw" refers to the famous war poem "In Flanders Fields". The quest involves finding the medals once held by the quest giver's friends, who died in service to the Company of Heroes.
A quest in Middle La Noscea is called "Orange Crush," like the soft drink of the same name.
There's an achievement titled "Heaven Eleven", a pun on 7-Eleven convenience stores.