|Final Fantasy XII|
Fainaru Fantashī XII
|Developers||Square Enix Product Development Division 4|
|Release dates|| March 16, 2006|
/ October 31, 2006
/ February 23, 2007
August 9, 2007 (international)
|Game modes||Single player|
Final Fantasy XII is the twelfth installment in the main Final Fantasy series and is also part of the Ivalice Alliance. The game was released on March 16, 2006 in Japan, October 31, 2006 in North America, and February 23, 2007 in Europe and Australia. Final Fantasy XII is a single-player RPG.
Final Fantasy XII was re-released in Japan as an International Version with the subtitle Zodiac Job System, which heavily modifies the game's character development system, by introducing jobs. Zodiac Job System version hasn't been released outside of Asia.
As with each title in the Final Fantasy series, the specifics of each aspect of gameplay are different. Like most of the other games in the series, the player characters will level, gain skills, cast magick, use summons, Limit Breaks, and fight monsters. There are also some fairly obvious differences in the gameplay of Final Fantasy XII from the previous games in the series.
In order to gain levels, the player must defeat enemies in the field to earn Experience Points (EXP). Only alive and active party members receive EXP from felled opponents. If there are multiple active characters in the party, the amount of experience points will be divided evenly among each member. Boss battles give no EXP, but they do give LP. Defeating enemies also yields LP, or License Points, which can be used to purchase licenses on the License Board in order to learn new abilities and become able to equip new types of equipment.
Unlike with EXP, even reserve party members receive LP from battles. An individual character's ability to use Technicks, Magicks, accessories, Augments, weapons and armor are all governed by obtaining licenses. Like the Sphere Grid in Final Fantasy X, but less linear, the player has complete control over each character's individual development.
In the Zodiac Job System version what abilities a character can learn and what equipment they can use is dictated by their chosen job. Once the player chooses a job for a character, it cannot be changed.
- Main article: Magick
In Final Fantasy XII, magic skills are referred to as "magicks". In order to use magicks, the player must buy the individual spells from a Magick Shop or a merchant, and once enough License Points are attained, they must purchase the corresponding skill on the License Board. The use of Magick requires MP (Mist Points), which can be restored through movement, the use of an item such as an Ether, or by activating a Save Crystal.
A mechanism known as Effect Capacity dictates how many magick spells and other special abilities can be executed simultaneously; all of the most powerful magicks use all of the effect capacity on their own, meaning when the player casts the game's most powerful magicks other actions are queued until the spell animation has finished.
- Main article: Esper (Final Fantasy XII)
Summons, called Espers, are obtained through battling and defeating them throughout gameplay. There are thirteen Espers in the game. Five are found through normal gameplay, and the other eight can be found in hidden areas after completing specific actions.
Each Esper can be purchased on the License Board after the player has defeated them during gameplay. Only one character can purchase any specific Esper, and that Esper is then linked to that character, effectively removing its license from the other characters' License Boards. When the character summons the Esper, it takes the place of the other two members of the party. The Esper will remain and fight independent of the character for a short amount of time, as long as the summoner is still conscious. Once the time is up, the Esper will unleash a special attack, given that the requirements for the attack are met, and disappear. The summon uses up a full segment of the MP bar for each rank the Esper has. For example the Esper Belias is a Rank I Summon and will use up one segment of the MP bar, while Zodiark, a Rank III Esper, will use up all three segments.
In the Zodiac Job System version Espers have a small role in further governing what skills characters can learn by opening new paths in the License Board. The MP bar system has also been dropped and using Quickenings and summoning Espers uses a different gauge. The Espers are also controllable in the Zodiac Job System version, and the player can unleash their special attack at will.
- Main article: Quickening (Ability)
The Limit Breaks in Final Fantasy XII are known as Mist Quickenings in the English version and Mist Knacks in the Japanese version. Each Quickening is available on the License Board for purchase by any character. Once a character has purchased a Quickening, that space is removed from all other characters' boards. Each character can purchase up to three Quickenings.
There are eighteen Quickenings on the board. When a character uses a Quickening, one segment of their MP is completely used up. Upon purchasing the second Quickening the character's MP bar doubles and is segmented in two, and finally another segment is added, tripling the available MP, when the character purchases their third Quickening. Each Quickening takes 50 LP to learn regardless of its rank.
Quickenings can be used during battle as long as the character has enough MP. Quickenings can be chained: when used, all other conscious party members who have learned Quickenings of their own, join in on the chain. During the chain the player can randomly get the Mist Charge command which restores the party member's MP. The chains can thus be built into extremely long ones, restricted by the time limit and luck, as the available Quickenings are drawn up by random. Normal Quickening attacks only damage the target enemy, but the player can create a specific combination of Quickenings to open a Concurrence, which deals heavy damage to the target and all targets nearby.
In the Zodiac Job System version Quickenings no longer use MP, but instead have their own "Limit Break meter" closer to how Limit Breaks work in other games in the series.
- See also: Gambits.
Final Fantasy XII uses a battle system called Active Dimension Battle (ADB). The way the battle system operates is similar to the one in Final Fantasy XI as there are no longer Random Encounters. Instead, monsters move freely across the landscape and battles are conducted on the field map without transition. Enemies will only rarely surprise the party, although flying creatures will often attack from a higher elevation, and other creatures will spring out of the water or ground to attack. Additionally, normally docile monsters can become aggressive toward the party if they cast magick in their vicinity, or if the player attacks other creatures of the same genus.
Combat can be controlled manually or programmed via the use of gambits. The gambit system is slightly similar to the Macro system found in Final Fantasy XI; the player can create a list of commands and dependencies to be carried out automatically by the characters to simplify the combat system. All commands relate to the character itself, the character's allies, or the enemies on screen.
Player can choose between Wait mode (default) and Active. In the Wait mode, time freezes when the player is choosing the commands, but only one action can be executed at any time. If the game config is set on Active, multiple actions can be executed simultaneously. The player controls one character at the time, called the party leader, but the player can change party leader at any time. If the party leader is Knocked Out the game prompts the player to choose another leader. The player can have up to three party members at any one time, and the rest are kept in the reserve party.
Similar to Final Fantasy X, reserve members can be swapped in any time, unless the character is currently being targeted by an attack or spell or if the character is performing an action. Also, Final Fantasy XII allows the player to swap even fallen allies, meaning the player will only get a Game Over once all party members in both active and reserve parties are dead.
Because battles take place on the fields, the Escape command works differently than in most other games in the series; in order to escape from enemies the player must run away from them, which can be aided by holding the R2 button, which stops all character actions (although using this feature makes the characters unable to evade enemy attacks). Some enemies stop pursuing the player characters once they have moved far enough away, but some are more persistent and can only be thrown off by zoning out. Boss battles take place in closed arenas and cannot be escaped from.
- Main article: Chain
A Battle Chain is initiated when a party defeats two or more of the same type of enemy in a row. The Battle Chain Level will increase as a party continues to consecutively defeat enemies of the same type.
As the Chain Level increases with each battle, enemies will begin to drop rarer and multiples of items, and with higher levels, activate White or Green Magick on the player's party. However, if the player kills an enemy of a different type, enters a settlement (any area where only Vaan is controllable) or touches a Save Crystal, this will break the chain, and reset the Chain Level to 0.
- Main article: Trap
Traps are littered across the landscape and when stepped on deal damage and/or inflict the party with status ailments. Traps are normally invisible, but appear as glowing red circles if a party member is under Libra. Traps can be avoided by using Float or the Steel Poleyns accessory that makes the party invulnerable against traps. Some traps also benefit the party by granting positive status effects and/or healing the party's HP.
- Main article: Treasure (Final Fantasy XII)
Unlike in other single-player games in the series, the treasures in Final Fantasy XII are most often randomly spawning with random treasures inside. The treasures can be re-spawned by zoning two zones out. Treasures can contain gil, gambits, equipment or items, and there is a small chance of receiving rare treasure with the Diamond Armlet equipped.
The game's regular version also has so called "forbidden chests" that, when claimed, prevent the player from obtaining the game's ultimate spear, the Zodiac Spear, in Necrohol of Nabudis. This feature was removed in the International version.
Weather and TerrainEdit
- Main article: Weather
The area's weather and terrain affect the accuracy of ranged weapons and the damage dealt by elemental attacks. In stormy weather crossbows' and bows' accuracy is reduced, and, for example, in rainy weather Lightning damage is boosted while Fire damage is reduced. While terrain is mostly fixed, apart from the Giza Plains that shifts between dry and wet season, weather is most often random, depending on what possible weather effects are available for the area.
- Main article: Ivalice (Final Fantasy XII)
The world map of Ivalice actually does not appear to cover the entire world. Instead it shows a large portion of Ivalice in the map. This map shows the area once under the control of the Dynast King Raithwall, but now mostly under the control of the Archadian and Rozarrian Empires.
On the map are the kingdoms of Dalmasca, Archadia, Bhujerba and the area once controlled by the Kingdom of Nabradia including Nalbina Fortress. The player can also visit ancient temples like the Stilshrine of Miriam, Mt. Bur-Omisace and the Tomb of Raithwall, as well as the village of indigenous people like the Garif and the Viera. Between all of these civilized locations are the zones patrolled and populated by various monsters. Each location is separated into zones, to allow players to elude monsters, and to allow for variations in terrain even in the same area.
Both the Archadian Empire and Rozarrian Empire have poor political relations due to them competing with each other in terms of military and political influence. The Archadian Empire is the most known about throughout the Final Fantasy XII storyline. The Archadian Empire is governed by the ruling family House Solidor, with a Senate. However during the time of Final Fantasy XII the Senate has little power. This has caused the Archadian Judges to answer and serve the Emperor directly. The Judges command the Archadian Army, Archadian Imperial Fleets, Archadian Security and Police as well as the Archadian Intelligence. The Archadian Judges are to be feared as well as respected, because of their passion for the Empire and the defense of House Solidor from the corrupt political scene.
Vayne Carudas Solidor almost causes the collapse of the Empire, attempting to initiate a war with the Rozarrian Empire. Vayne's quest for power causes splits within the Archadian Judges who fight among themselves, when the Emperor is assassinated by Vayne. Judge Bergan is a key follower of Vayne, however Judge Drace wants Vayne arrested and put on trial for High Treason. A fight occurs between Bergan and Drace with Drace being killed. Before she dies, however, she tells Judge Gabranth to protect Larsa Ferrinas Solidor, as if Vayne is arrested or killed, Larsa would be the last member of House Solidor. This would prevent the collapse of the Archadian Empire.
- Main article: List of Final Fantasy XII Characters
Final Fantasy XII has a cast of six main characters. Unlike other Final Fantasy games, this team, once formed, is never changed at all. However, there are also three special guest characters (not including Hunt-allies), and the player plays a different character during the prologue. According to the developers, there is no main character, as the game is "about numerous people, not just one person".
- Vaan is the main protagonist of the game. A street urchin and an orphan, he lives on the streets of Rabanastre with his friend Penelo. He has always dreamt of someday becoming a sky pirate in command of his own airship and being able to travel the world.
- Penelo is Vaan's closest friend. Like Vaan, she is also an orphan who lost her family during a war between Dalmasca and Archadia that took place before the game's events. She dreams of being a dancer, and learned martial arts from her older brothers who were soldiers who served during the war. She joins the party along with Vaan in order to help prevent another war from arising.
- Balthier, real name Ffamran mied Bunansa, is a cool and sophisticated sky pirate on the run from his past. He usually refers to himself as the "leading man". He was once one of the Empire's Judges and is a member of the House of Bunansa, his father being the famed scientist Dr. Cid, the man responsible for the manufacting of nethicite. He left the Empire, disturbed by his father's apparent insanity and the direction the Empire was taking.
- Fran is Balthier's friend and partner, and as a viera, the only non-hume main character. Like Balthier, she is trying to shake off the past. She rarely speaks, but she usually has words of wisdom to offer.
- Basch fon Ronsenburg is a disgraced knight, who wants to protect his surrogate homeland of Dalmasca at all costs. He was branded as a traitor when he was framed for murdering the King of Dalmasca, a crime committed by his twin brother when he impersonated Basch to make it look like treason.
- Ashelia B'nargin Dalmasca is the princess of Dalmasca and the female protagonist. She is doing everything in her power to rebuild her fallen kingdom. Before the events of the King's death she was married to Lord Rasler, Prince of Nabradia, and although their marriage was politically motivated, they nevertheless were in love with each other. Rasler heeded the call of battle and commanded the Dalmascan army to battle with Archadia in order to protect his homeland, but was shot in the chest by an archer. Devastated by her husband's death, Ashe faked her own suicide to sow seeds of rebellion against Archadia, a rebellion in which she took a commanding role.
Temporary playable characterEdit
- Reks is Vaan's older brother, who fought in the Dalmascan Army.
- Larsa Ferrinas Solidor/Lamont is the youngest member of House Solidor, the ruling family of Archadian Empire. He seeks to bring peace to the world.
- Vossler York Azelas used to fight alongside Basch in the Dalmascan army, but after the war's end, joined the rebellion. He's been looking after Ashe ever since she faked her suicide.
- Reddas is a sky pirate from the Port at Balfonheim. He seeks to stop the Empire from using nethicite, in order to prevent the events of Battle of Nabudis from ever happening again.
Final Fantasy XII takes place mostly in the Kingdom of Dalmasca, a small city-state in the world of Ivalice. A neutral party in the past wars between the neighboring Empires of Archadia and Rozarria, Dalmasca was ultimately conquered by Archadia and reduced to the status of an occupied state under Archadian rule, when its King Raminas signed the city into Imperial rule.
As a result, formerly-loyal knight Basch fon Ronsenburg murders his king for his betrayal. Witnessing the betrayal is the young knight Reks, who reveals Basch's betrayal in his last breaths. Marquis Ondore, head of the sky city Bhujerba, announces that the King's daughter, Ashe, has committed suicide after her newly-wed husband, Lord Rasler, was shot and killed with an arrow from an Archadian Imperial soldier during the Battle of Nalbina Fortress. He also announces Basch has been executed for high treason.
Misadventures of VaanEdit
Two years later, Reks's brother, Vaan, an orphaned street urchin living in the Dalmascan capital of the Royal City of Rabanastre, is stealing some treasure from the Archadian Consul's residence in the old royal castle of Dalmasca. While looting the castle's safe, Vaan meets Balthier, a sky pirate bent on stealing the Consul's treasures, and his companion Fran, a viera warrior and Balthier's partner.
By coincidence, the underground Dalmascan Resistance movement assaults the royal castle on the same night in a military coup to remove the Archadian Consul, Vayne Solidor. Vaan's looting gets noticed and he, Fran, and Balthier are pursued by Archadian soldiers. They escape into the Garamsythe Waterway, where they meet the surviving princess of Dalmasca, Ashe (though under the alias Amalia), who is also the leader of the resistance faction.
Upon defeating the fire-elemental Firemane, the group is captured by the Imperial Guard, under the assumption that they are thieves. Ashe is separated and escorted away. Not so far from the scene, a group of bounty hunters make a comment about the guard capturing their mark. Balthier, Vaan and Fran are sent to a dungeon from whence they escape, bringing Basch, revealed to be alive and imprisoned since the war, with them.
Basch reveals he has a twin brother, Gabranth, who stole his identity and murdered the King in a plot to blackmail Ondore and strip Dalmasca of any semblance of sovereignty. Shortly thereafter, the bangaa headhunter Ba'Gamnan and his group, who are looking for Balthier, kidnap Vaan's best friend Penelo under the assumption she has a connection with Balthier, who gave her a handkerchief, and who would thus come to her aid.
Balthier, through coercion from Migelo and Vaan, as well as the word of Basch (who also had business to attend to there), eventually travels to Bhujerba to free Penelo, and in the process, they meet Larsa Solidor. Larsa is traveling under the alias "Lamont," posing as a commoner, and is seeking what eventually turns out to be manufacted nethicite. Larsa is later revealed as the younger brother to Consul Vayne, and is the second in line for the throne of Archadia. He helps the party rescue Penelo, and later keeps her and the party safe from Archadian troops.
While attending to Basch's diversion, the party is captured by Bhujerban guards and get sent to the Arcadian warship, the Dreadnought Leviathan. The party meets Ashe again, and after a brief quarrel with the ship's crew, they escape and Vaan is reunited with Penelo. Afterward, the group has another meeting with the Marquis, where Ashe requests Balthier's aid (in the form of a "kidnapping") to retrieve a proof of her royal blood: the Dawn Shard, so that she can assume Dalmasca's throne.
The party heads to the Dynast King Raithwall's Tomb to retrieve the Dawn Shard, and are subsequently captured by Judge Ghis once again upon leaving the tomb. A large, mysterious explosion provides opportunity for the party to escape. During their escape, they witness to their horror, the Leviathan and the entire Archadian Eighth Fleet destroyed by the power of the Dawn Shard, which is composed of a powerful substance called deifacted nethicite.
Bent on wielding that power to free Dalmasca and avenge her fallen comrades, Ashe heads to Jahara, where she can learn more about the stone. However, the garif tribe can only tell her there is no way they can help, due to the stone eluding even their ancestors - however, the Dynast King once wielded it. By chance, they meet Larsa again, who persuades Ashe to join both him and another mysterious enemy/ally at Mt. Bur-Omisace to plan how to stop the imminent war.
Disgraced by the Eighth Fleet's destruction, Vayne is called back to Archadia, and begins to suspect his father and the Imperial Senate will bypass him for Emperor, giving the throne to his brother Larsa instead. Unwilling to risk this occurrence, Vayne murders his father, dissolves the Senate, and immediately sends a ship to Mt. Bur-Omisace to capture the Dawn Shard from Ashe. His envoys, Judges Bergan and Zargabaath, arrive too late: Ashe and Larsa have heard of the events, and Ashe has already obtained the Sword of Kings, a sword with the ability to destroy nethicite. Judge Zargabaath takes Larsa to Archades, while an enraged Bergan kills the holy man Gran Kiltias Anastasis and bombs Mt. Bur-Omisace, but dies unable to retrieve either the shard or the sword.
Ashe and her party decide it is time to destroy all the nethicite available in Ivalice, so they head to the Draklor Laboratory in the Archadian Empire to destroy the last remaining shard in the possession of Dr. Cid, Balthier's father.
They are unsuccessful in destroying the nethicite in the Draklor Laboratory, and are instead left with information pointing them to the Ancient City of Giruvegan. Dr. Cid is supposedly going there to retrieve more deifacted nethicite. The party enters the city, and fights to the center of the Great Crystal, in which the Occuria live.
There, the history of Raithwall and nethicite is revealed. Ashe is given the Treaty Blade so that she can carve out additional pieces of deifacted nethicite from the Sun-Cryst, the source of all nethicite power, in order to achieve power enough to destroy Archadia and its benefactor, the rogue Occuria Venat. She is conflicted as to her course of action.
Ashe and the party leave Giruvegan with the knowledge that Dr. Cid has used them to retrieve the Treaty Blade, and had no intention of ever traveling to Giruvegan. They return to Balfonheim, and Reddas joins the party to travel to the Ridorana Cataract, where the Sun-Cryst is housed in the Pharos lighthouse.
In the lighthouse, Ashe realizes that the appearances of Lord Rasler she has been seeing are images constructed by the Occuria in order to manipulate her actions. Judge Gabranth arrives, and briefly fights the party. Upon his defeat, Dr. Cid appears and banishes him back to the fleet, taunting Gabranth for his failure, and continues to fight the group, using the Esper Famfrit to aid him. Upon defeating Dr. Cid, the Sun-Cryst begins to overload, to the point that there is no way that the party can survive, until Reddas sacrifices himself to destroy the Sun-Cryst with the Sword of Kings.
Battle in the BahamutEdit
Vaan's party travel back to Balfonheim, and learn that the discharge of power activated the largest airship ever built, the Sky Fortress Bahamut, and the resistance armies are staging a battle in the skies above Rabanastre. They travel to the Bahamut to stop Vayne before the conflict will destroy Rabanastre. Before they can reach Vayne, Gabranth arrives to stop them. This time, Gabranth appears to have given up everything, except his need to destroy his own brother. The party defeats Gabranth, and leave him beaten in the elevator. Vayne attacks, and Larsa helps the party fight him. As Vayne is beaten down, his manufacted nethicite sucks power away from Larsa, and the ship around him.
Gabranth joins the attack against Vayne, but is struck down, just as Vayne is mortally wounded. The party watches Vayne limp away from the battlefield onto an outer platform on the Bahamut. Vayne calls for Venat, telling the Occuria that he (Venat) must seek another to realize his ambitions of freeing Ivalice from the Occuria's tyranny. Venat replies, saying that by destroying the Sun-Cryst, the Age of Stones is now over, causing the Occuria to lose their influence on Ivalice's fate - thereby fulfilling Venat's desire. Venat then dissolves, investing Vayne with its power as an Undying. He drains pieces of the fortress onto himself.
Vayne is eventually defeated by the party, and, unable to control his new powers, explodes into a cloud of mist. Before the party can relax, they must stop the two warring factions from killing each other and the Bahamut while directly over Rabanastre. Boarding the Strahl, the party makes its escape, and with Larsa, Ashe, and Basch's help (the latter posing as Judge Gabranth), manage to get both sides to stand down. Just as everything looks like it's going to be fine, the Bahamut starts to fall from the sky, onto Rabanastre. Judge Zargabaath starts to put the Alexander on a collision course, hoping to ram it out of the way.
However, Balthier manages to stop him. To the party's surprise, Balthier and Fran are still on the Bahamut. While Ashe tries to convince him to get off the falling fortress, Balthier reminds her that he is the leading man, and the leading man never dies. Managing to restart the engines, Balthier starts to leave with a wounded Fran in his arms. Before communications with the Strahl die for good, Balthier tells Vaan to look after the Strahl while he is gone. Vaan assures Balthier that he will, before the Strahl flies away, and the Sky Fortress Bahamut crashes outside of Rabanastre.
A year later, Penelo is writing a letter to Larsa. There is no longer a war, and Dalmasca, Archadia, and Rozarria are currently at peace. The party has split apart, each living their separate lives. A month from now, Ashe will be crowned Queen of Dalmasca, so they will not be able to see her anymore. A few months prior to this event, the Strahl was stolen, but Penelo notes it is not really stealing if the original owner took it back.
Balthier left behind Ashe's ring, which she gave to him as compensation for the treasure Balthier did not get in Raithwall's Tomb. Basch took over his late brother's place as Judge Magister and Larsa's protector, with the Council never learning of Gabranth's death. Vaan flies his new airship to find Balthier, with Penelo accompanying him, where the sequel Final Fantasy XII: Revenant Wings picks up.
Developed from 2001 to 2006, Final Fantasy XII cost approximately 4 billion Japanese yen (35 million USD) to produce with a crew of more than one hundred people. Yasumi Matsuno, originally announced as both producer and director, was forced to bow out of both roles midway. The official reason given for his departure was health concerns. On February 25, 2010, Matsuno spoke out on his departure from the Final Fantasy XII project on his Twitter page, stating that while he had been sick, he had nevertheless let down the Square Enix staff, shareholders, and fans who had been looking forward to the game.
In Matsuno's place, Hiroyuki Itō and Hiroshi Minagawa took over directorial duties, with Akitoshi Kawazu assuming the role of the executive producer. Matsuno remains credited for "Original Work/Scenario Plot/Supervision". Hitoshi Sakimoto composed the music for the game, while Nobuo Uematsu contributed a single composition — the vocal theme, "Kiss Me Good-Bye", performed by Angela Aki. Renowned violinist Taro Hakase provided performances for "Symphonic Poem "Hope"", which served as a promotional theme along with "Kiss Me Good-Bye".
The executive producer of the game, Akitoshi Kawazu, has said in an interview that back in 2000, when Final Fantasy X, Final Fantasy XI and Final Fantasy XII were originally announced as being in the planning stages, Final Fantasy X was announced as an offline game while the games Final Fantasy XI onwards would be online games. In the process of developing Final Fantasy XII that changed, but, just from the very early planning stages the team intended Final Fantasy XII to be a different experience from Final Fantasy X.
In early stages of development, the main character was to be "big and tough", but as development continued and targeting demographics were considered, he became more youthful. With the casting of voice actor Kohei Takeda, who also did motion capture for the part, he became less so and more "active, upbeat, bright and positive".
Hiroyuki Itō was in charge of creating the battle system and his motivation for the gambit system was to create a "single-player online game" where the player would have independently acting party members who would still act the way the player wanted them to. The gambit system works on the same basic programming algorithms used for the monsters in the SNES Final Fantasy games.
Final Fantasy XII was initially planned to have a job system in place, but the idea was scrapped when the developers thought it might be too confusing to players, so the idea was condensed into a License Board system. However, players did not respond to the License Board system as anticipated, and the team went back to their previous idea of using a job system in the Zodiac Job System version. One intended theme for the gameplay was to add a kind of feeling of finality and destiny, where the player may or may not end up with the best results.
This is reflected with the random treasure chests, as well as perhaps the fact that the game's ultimate weapon is easily missed, and also, the developers did not intend players to unlock every license for every character, but plan different paths for each. In retrospect these ideas did not end up working as planned, as many players kept trying at the same treasures until they got the item they wanted, and many players simply unlocked all licenses in order, essentially making the player characters clones of each other. Some of these ideas were rectified in the Zodiac Job System version.
Veteran translator Alexander O. Smith was involved with script's English localization. Smith had previously worked on the localization for Vagrant Story as well as several other Final Fantasy installments, including Final Fantasy X. The voice overs were directed by Jack Fletcher, who had previously directed the voice overs for other Final Fantasy games as well.
Almost an entire year before Final Fantasy XII's North American release, the game's playable demo was included along with the North American release of Dragon Quest VIII. In North America, the game was available in two versions — the standalone game with a suggested retail price of $49.99 and a "Collector's Edition" for an additional $10. The Collector's Edition is an exclusive title offered only by GameStop or EB Games. This edition includes the original game packaged in a steelbook case, along with a special bonus disc, which contains Final Fantasy XII developer interviews, an art gallery, four U.S. and Japanese trailers, and a "History of Final Fantasy" featurette, which gives brief chronicles on all released and upcoming Final Fantasy games.
Changes to the game's North American version include the addition of widescreen 16:9 support, and additional scenes and content that were left out of the Japanese version, due to rating issues.
Akitoshi Kawazu, the game's executive producer, has later admitted he thought the game is not perfect. The team received fan feedback after the game was released in Japan, and there were players who felt the story wasn't up to the series' standards. Kawazu said it is because of the way the games are made, the story itself is decided early on and the process of getting that realized makes it difficult to change along the way. Kawazu noted there are things he personally would have liked to change, but, practically speaking, they couldn't.
Final Fantasy XII International Zodiac Job SystemEdit
An international version of the game, titled Final Fantasy XII International Zodiac Job System, was released on August 9, 2007 in Japan as part of both Final Fantasy 20th anniversary and Ivalice Alliance campaigns. It is the first game where Hiroyuki Itō has been credited as both producer and director.
Itō didn't want the game to get an "International" title, for how different the game was going to be from the other International versions of Final Fantasy games, published previously; Itō actually wanted to call the game "Final Fantasy XII Annex". However, they ended up not using the name, and went with "Zodiac Job System" instead. Final Fantasy XII International Zodiac Job System was made by a small group of programmers, with only five main people working on it toward the end of the project. The small team brought on some limitations on what could be achieved, as Itō would have actually wanted bigger changes to the game than what could be done with the resources he had available.
The game includes a new take on the License Board system, with twelve grids available instead of one, each corresponding to a different Zodiac sign and job. The number of jobs was set at twelve as Final Fantasy XII is the twelfth main installment to the series, and because there are twelve Zodiac signs, a recurring theme in Ivalice games. The game already had fifteen different types of weapons in place, and the jobs were planned around the idea that what kind of weapon would belong to what kind of job.
The battle system as a whole was tweaked; guest characters are now controllable, while pressing the L1 button accelerates the game's speed. Additionally, the game features English voices and the widescreen 16:9 ratio support of the North American version, as well as a bonus disc based on the one initially released with the North American version. Finally, a new mode allows the player to hunt monsters and Espers in several series of small maps, to gain items and gil.
A list of new features as below:
- The Zodiac Job System – There are now 12 License Boards, each one representing a job. Once a character chooses a job however, they are stuck with it throughout the entire game. Isolated licenses can be accessed by unlocking Espers and Quickenings.
- Trial Mode – The party must fight through 100 stages, each one containing stronger monsters. Completing this mode unlocks New Game+: Weak Mode.
- Controllable Guests – Guest characters can now be controlled, and their gambits can be edited. Their equipment cannot be removed.
- Controllable Espers – Espers can now be controlled once summoned, and their gambits can be edited. The player can use their ultimate attack at will.
- Speed Boost – Pressing the L1 button speeds up the game, making getting around easier. The music and cutscenes still play at normal speed.
- Gambit Changes – There are 16 new gambits. All the gambits can be bought upon leaving Barheim Passage.
- Item Changes – New items have been added, and some of their effects have been slightly changed.
- Enemy Changes – Enemies have been changed slightly, plus new enemies have been added. A battle against all five Judge Magisters is also included.
- Magick Changes – Water and Watera are renamed to Aqua and Aquara. Many spells have been re-categorized; Bravery and Faith are now White Magick for example. Cure and all tier 1 Black Magick elemental spells have an area of effect (same as their higher tier counterpart) instead of targeting only 1 unit. Not all magick can be bought, and some must be found in treasure chests.
- Equipment Changes – New weapons have been added, like the Excalipoor, while others have been slightly changed. Armor and accessories have also been slightly changed. Some weapons have different elemental alignments.
- Shop Listings – Some shops have had their inventory changed.
- Hunt Reward Changes - Rewards for defeating Marks have slightly changed.
- Mist Knack (Quickening) Changes – Mist knacks no longer take up MP. Instead, they have their own Mist gauge.
- MP Changes – Since Mist Knacks do not use MP now, obtaining Mist Knacks does not increase MP. Instead, characters simply get more MP as they level up. Max MP is determined by the character's job.
- New Game+ – Two New Game+ modes are available. Strong Mode, where all characters begin at level 90, and Weak Mode, where all characters begin at level 1 and never level up. Nothing carries over into these new save files.
- Treasure Re-spawns – Treasures pots now respawn by just moving one screen away.
- Treasure Item Changes - Some items inside coffers have been switched around, added, or removed.
- Break Damage Limit – There is no damage limit anymore. If a character does more than 9,999 damage, the game will show it. Against weak enemies, it is possible to achieve over 100,000 HP of damage with a single attack. This gives the strongest magick spells greater potency to rival melee attack with high hit combo.
Also, unlike Final Fantasy X-2 International, which supported old Final Fantasy X-2 save files, Final Fantasy XII International Zodiac Job System does not support save files from the regular Final Fantasy XII.
Final Fantasy XII International Zodiac Job System has only been released in Japanese, but there is a fan project that translates it to English using the English data of the official US release. It requires both the original Final Fantasy XII International Zodiac Job System game and the original US release. Translation for other languages can be done using official European releases instead of the US release. 
The prominent themes in Final Fantasy XII are loss and revenge. Vaan loses his parents, and then his brother Reks in the war between Dalmasca and Archadia at the hands of Gabranth, thus giving Vaan a strong animosity towards the Archadian Empire. Like Vaan, Penelo loses her family to the war. This however results in her having a great fear of the empire, but her view of it slowly changes, beginning with her friendship with Larsa, a member of the empire's ruling family. On the other hand, Ashe suffers a much greater loss. She loses her husband, father, and kingdom to the Archadian Empire, and avenging them is her main motivation for most of the game. Ashe's quest for revenge is used by the Occuria, who use a false apparition of her late husband Rasler to spur her thirst for revenge so they could use her to achieve their own ends. Ashe however learns that getting revenge against the Empire is not something Rasler would have wanted her to do, and it will not bring him or her father back.
The theme of freedom is also strong in Final Fantasy XII. Basch is physically imprisoned at the start of the game and breaks free with the player party's help, but later comments that the past can bind a man as strong as chains. Multiple characters in Final Fantasy XII seek to escape their past, only to find they must face it sooner or later. Fran leaves the woods to gain her freedom of the viera's traditionally restrictive lifestyle, but in doing so, is permanently cut off from her family. Balthier escapes an unbearable situation with his father by renouncing his identity, only to find he must confront his father's madness to move on. Vaan tries to obtain his freedom through his dream of becoming a sky pirate to explore the world as he pleases, but eventually realizes it's simply his attempt to run away from his problems. Ashe wishes to reclaim her throne and kingdom, and be free from the Empire's rule once and for all, but first has to overcome her hatred for the empire and the role it played in robbing her of her loved ones and the downfall of the Dalmascan kingdom.
|Directors||Hiroshi Minagawa, Hiroyuki Itou (Game Design)|
|Main System & Event Programmer Director||Takashi Katano|
|Lead Realtime Rendering Programmer||Yoshinori Tsuchida|
|Programming Supervisor||Taku Murata|
|Main Character Design & Background Design Supervisor||Akihiko Yoshida|
|Art Direction||Hideo Minaba, Isamu Kamikokuryo|
|Visual Design & Character Texture Supervisor||Hiroshi Minagawa|
|Visual Effects Director||Jiro Mifune|
|Background Visual Effects||Yoshinori Ogura|
|Lead Motion Designer||Takeo Suzuki|
|Event Motion Designer||Hiroaki Saotome|
|Hi-Polygon Facial Models & Textures||Takahiro Matsuhira|
|Hi‑Polygon Facial Motion||Takeshi Sadohara|
|Battle System Design||Kazutoyo Maehiro|
|Event Direction||Jun Akiyama|
|Scenario||Daisuke Watanabe, Miwa Shoda|
|Lead In‑Game Event Designer||Takeshi Iwabuchi, Masahiro Kataoka|
|Lead Map System Designer||Kazuhiro Kataoka|
|Lead Menu System Designer||Yuichi Murasawa|
|Sound Effects Director||Tsuyoshi Okahisa|
|Movie Direction||Eiji Fujii|
|Image Illustration||Yoshitaka Amano|
|Music Production & Composition||Hitoshi Sakimoto|
|Story & Concept||Yasumi Matsuno|
|Lead Production Coordinator||Hiroaki Kato|
|General Manager||Masashi Hiramatsu|
|Translators||Alexander O. Smith, Joseph Reeder|
|Editor||Morgan Morris Rushton|
|Vaan||Kouhei Takeda||Bobby Edner|
|Penelo||Yuna Mikuni||Catherine Taber|
|Ashelia B'nargin Dalmasca||Mie Sonozaki||Kari Wahlgren|
|Balthier||Hiroaki Hirata||Gideon Emery|
|Fran||Rika Fukami||Nicole Fantl|
|Basch fon Ronsenburg||Rikiya Koyama||Keith Ferguson|
|Reks||Hideki Tasaka||Yuri Lowenthal|
|Larsa Ferrinas Solidor||Yuka Imai||Johnny McKeown|
|Vossler York Azelas||Masaki Terasoma||Nolan North|
|Reddas||Takayuki Sugo||Phil LaMarr|
|Vayne Carudas Solidor||Nobuo Tobita||Elijah Alexander|
|Judge Gabranth||Akio Otsuka||Michael E. Rodgers|
|Judge Bergan||Yōsuke Akimoto||Gary Martin|
|Judge Drace||Yoko Soumi||Julia Fletcher|
|Judge Ghis||Ryunosuke Obayashi||Mark Wing-Davey|
|Judge Zargabaath||Ryuzaburo Otomo||Simon Templeman|
|Emperor Gramis Gana Solidor||Hidekatsu Shibata||Roger L. Jackson|
|Doctor Cidolfus Demen Bunansa||Chikao Otsuka||John Lee|
|Lord Rasler Heios Nabradia||Yasuyuki Kase||Andrew Philpot|
|Migelo||Shiro Saito||John DiMaggio|
|Al-Cid Margrace||Norio Wakamoto||David Rasner|
|Marquis Halim Ondore IV||Akio Nojima||Tom Kane|
|Ba'Gamnan||Koji Ishii||Steve Blum|
|Jote||Yoshiko Sakakibara||Michelle Arthur|
|Mjrn||Yukana Nogami||April Stewart|
|King Raminas B'nargin Dalmasca||Takehiro Koyama||Nick Jameson|
|Gran Kiltias Anastasis||Tamio Oki||Dwight Schultz|
|Old Dalan||Takehiro Koyama||Dwight Schultz|
|Gilgamesh||Daisuke Gori||John DiMaggio|
|Garif Great-Chief Uball-Ka||Yoshisada Sakaguchi||Michael Chinyamurindi|
|Venat||Narumi Tsunoda||Anita Carey|
|Gerun||Seiko Tomoe||Bernice Stegers|
|Kytes||Tomoko Ishimura||Conner DeMita|
Sales and ReceptionEdit
Final Fantasy XII sold more than 1,764,000 copies in its first week in Japan, and the total number of copies sold was over 2,150,000 after five weeks of release.. In North America, Final Fantasy XII shipped approximately 1.5 million copies in its first week. As of March 2007, the game has shipped over 5.2 million copies worldwide and is the fourth best-selling PlayStation 2 game of 2006.
On March 16, 2006, Final Fantasy XII became the sixth game to receive a perfect score from the Japanese gaming magazine Famitsu, making it the first Final Fantasy game and the first PlayStation 2 title to get a perfect score. The game was generally praised for its graphics, scenarios, voice acting, game system, and for being a breath of fresh air in the series, although some criticized the game for being complicated and difficult to adjust to, and some called the back and forth traveling tedious.
- Main article: Final Fantasy XII (Manga)
The story of Final Fantasy XII has been released as a manga in Japan. The manga version expands on the storyline seen in the game and adds new events and characters.
- Final Fantasy XII contains many references to the games developed by the same team, or based on the same world. For instance, a Moogle named Montblanc runs a clan in Final Fantasy XII, and previously appeared as a main character in Final Fantasy Tactics Advance. Similarly, the player can acquire the Riskbreaker clan rank, a reference to the game Vagrant Story.
- The names of all of Archadia's airships are taken from previous summons from the series, while all of the Resistance airships are named for previously appeared characters. Indeed, the only airship with an original name is the party's airship, the Strahl.
- Final Fantasy XII is only the second main series Final Fantasy game where Cid is biologically related to one of the main members of the party - the other being Final Fantasy X.
- Actor Sir Patrick Stewart narrated the television commercial for the European and Australian versions of the game. 
- Veteran voice actor Corey Burton also narrated a commercial for the American version of the game.
- Hironobu Sakaguchi, creator of the Final Fantasy series, refused to play Final Fantasy XII beyond the introductory tutorial because he was disappointed by the departure of producer and director Yasumi Matsuno. 
- Final Fantasy XII Tips
- Final Fantasy XII/Official Strategy Guide
- Final Fantasy XII Merchandise
- Final Fantasy XII/Allusions
- Final Fantasy XII/Translations
- Final Fantasy XII Wallpapers
- ↑ http://archive.videogamesdaily.com/news/200611/034.asp?f=034.asp
- ↑ Final Fantasy 20th Anniversary Ultimania File 1: Character page 466
- ↑ Square Talks Firsts for Final Fantasy XII
- ↑ Final Fantasy's Hiroyuki Ito and the Science of Battle -- 1up.com
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 English translation of Hiroyuki Ito interview from the FFXII: International Ultimania
- ↑ http://uk.ps2.ign.com/articles/742/742013p1.html
- ↑ Japanese Sales Charts, Week Ending March 19
- ↑ News - Japan: Weekly software sales for 4/10 - 4/16
- ↑ SQUARE ENIX ANNOUNCES RECORD SHIPMENT WITH FINAL FANTASY XII
- ↑ http://www.square-enix.com/jp/common/images/sqex_07profile_e.pdf#page=6
- ↑ PS2 2006 Year in Review
- ↑ http://www.joystiq.com/2007/02/15/patrick-stewart-to-voice-ffxii-the-ad
- ↑ http://vg-mania.blogspot.com/2010/12/review-final-fantasy-xii-2006.html
- Official Japanese site
- Official North American site
- Wikipedia's entry on Final Fantasy XII
- Final Fantasy XII.net, a fansite
- Final Fantasy XII US - fansite
- Final Fantasy XII at the Final Fantasy Compendium
- VGMdb - Final Fantasy XII Original Soundtrack
|Final Fantasy 25th Anniversary|
|Final Fantasy - Final Fantasy II - Final Fantasy III - Final Fantasy IV - Final Fantasy V - Final Fantasy VI - Final Fantasy VII - Final Fantasy VIII - Final Fantasy IX - Final Fantasy X - Final Fantasy XI - Final Fantasy XII - Final Fantasy XIII - Theatrhythm Final Fantasy - Final Fantasy Dimensions|
|Final Fantasy 25th Anniversary Ultimate Box|
|Piano Opera Final Fantasy I/II/III - Piano Opera Final Fantasy IV/V/VI - Final Fantasy VII Chips - Final Fantasy VIII Chips - Final Fantasy IX Chips - Final Fantasy X Chips - Final Fantasy Vinyls - Final Fantasy Orchestra Album - Final Fantasy Tribute ~Thanks~|
Distant Worlds Concerts
|Final Fantasy Artwork at Shibuya - Coffee Tumblers - 54-card set|
|The World of Ivalice|
|Final Fantasy Tactics (The War of the Lions) - Vagrant Story - Final Fantasy Tactics Advance - Final Fantasy XII (International Zodiac Job System) - Final Fantasy XII: Revenant Wings - Final Fantasy Tactics A2: Grimoire of the Rift - Crystal Defenders - Dive II Hunt: The Adventures of Sorbet - Crystal Defenders: Vanguard Storm - Fortress|
|Races of Ivalice|
|Aegyl - Baknamy - Bangaa - Gria - Helgas - Hume - Garif - Moogle - Nu Mou - Occuria - Rev - Seeq - Urutan-Yensa - Viera|
|Regions of Ivalice|
|Jylland - Kerwon - Lemurés - Valendia|
|Final Fantasy Tactics - Final Fantasy Tactics Advance - Final Fantasy XII - Final Fantasy Tactics A2|
|Al-Cid Margrace - Ashe - Balthier - Ezel Berbier - Luso Clemens - Mewt Randell - Penelo - Six Moogle Siblings (Montblanc - Sorbet - Horne - Nono - Hurdy - Gurdy) - Vaan|
|Bazaar - Cataclysm - Judge - Loot - Paling - Trap|