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Final Fantasy X/Allusions

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The following is a list of allusions in Final Fantasy X.

Final Fantasy seriesEdit

Final FantasyEdit

  • The Matoya's Blade weapon for Auron refers to the witch Matoya. As Matoya is a witch, Matoya's Blade is a magic-based weapon.

Final Fantasy IIIEdit

FFX Weapon - Onion Knight

Lulu's Celestial Weapon.

Final Fantasy IVEdit

Final Fantasy VEdit

  • Mix first appeared as the Level 2 command ability of a Chemist.
  • The ability to capture enemies first appeared in Final Fantasy V.
  • Shinryu, which appears as a Monster Arena boss in Final Fantasy X, first appeared as a superboss in Final Fantasy V. Whereas the boss in Final Fantasy V used powerful water attacks, Shinryu in Final Fantasy X is actually submerged in water.

Final Fantasy VIEdit

Final Fantasy VIIEdit


The dummied Buster Sword.

Final Fantasy VIIIEdit

Final Fantasy IXEdit

  • The Ronso are willing to construct Yuna a statue with a horn on her forehead. Summoners of Madain Sari from Final Fantasy IX had horns.
  • The track "Brahne and the Performers" can be briefly heard in the CGI cutscene when the party arrives in Luca.

Allusions to the number ten and the letter XEdit

Being the tenth installment of the series, Final Fantasy X makes some references to the number itself, including the roman numeric "X". Although many of these are not necessarily deliberate allusions to the number 10 (whether they are or not is speculative), they are nonetheless present.

Non-Square Enix-relatedEdit


  • There are some allusions related to Roman Catholicism, e.g.: pilgrimage, priests, maesters (in Catholicism: cardinal), grand maester (in Catholicism: pope), and Sin. Yevon's dogma is based on the concept of an original sin, saying that people must reach atonement.
  • Yuna can be seen as a messiah-archetype, with her mission to sacrifice herself to save Spira from Sin. During the sending in Kilika Port, she walks on the water, which may have been inspired by Jesus Christ walking on the Sea of Galilee.
  • When Seymour is killed in the Macalania Temple he falls on the ground assuming the pose of Jesus Christ hanging on the cross. Seymour wants to cure Spira by sacrificing himself to become the next Sin and, according to his perspective, save Spira, possibly meant to reference Jesus' sacrifice of his life for the forgiveness of sins.
  • When the party meets Seymour again in Bevelle, Kimahri stabs him in the chest with his spear, similar to the tale of Longinus' spear that stabbed Jesus' chest. Kimahri's Celestial Weapon is called Longinus; Longinus refers to the soldier who pierced the side of Jesus Christ before he was taken down from the cross according to the Bible.
  • The Crusaders are named after the Vatican's warriors in the Crusades.

Buddhism and HinduismEdit

  • The Siddham Sanskrit script, which is the basis for the script of Yevon, is used in Japan mostly by the Shingon School of Buddhism that draws on early Hindu traditions. One traditional concept is that deities manifest their thoughts or spiritual energy in the physical world on several different "wavelengths": Sound, Form, and Symbol. The form through which a deity can manifest is an anthropomorphic representation that is not the deity itself, but a living form humans can apprehend. The form physically expresses the deity's essence, in the same vein the aeons represent the fayth's dreams rather than their temporal bodies. In some Hindu and Buddhist practices one can invoke a deity through the physical representation of a statue, similar to the link between aeons and fayth. The symbol through which deity can manifest is a mandala (Buddhist tradition) or yantra (Hindu tradition), a geometric pattern which distills the deity's essence into a visual representation. This is similar to how aeons are represented by glyphs, which appear in the temples and during the aeons' summoning animations, the aeon often emerging into the physical world through the glyph. The fayth also sing the "Hymn of the Fayth", which may represent the "Sound" part of the way spiritual energy manifests in the physical world.
  • Spira's "spiral of death" alludes to Saṃsāra, the repeating cycle of birth, life, and death in Buddhism.
    • Yuna's ultimate weapon is named after the term "Nirvana", the final goal of Buddhism that refers to the imperturbable stillness of mind after the fires of desire, aversion, and delusion have been finally extinguished. Those who reach Nirvana will be liberated from the cycle of birth, life, and death so they will never be reborn.

Japanese mythologyEdit

  • The concept of fiends and pyreflies are based on the idea that fireflies represent a human soul and that restless dead turn into monsters.
  • The concept of the unsent alludes to the yūrei; according to traditional Japanese beliefs, upon a person's death the soul leaves the body and enters a form of purgatory, where it waits for the funeral and post-funeral rites to be performed so it may join its ancestors. If one dies in a sudden or violent manner, if the proper rites have not been performed, or if they are influenced by powerful emotions, the soul transforms into a yūrei, which can bridge the gap back to the physical world and exist on Earth until it is laid to rest, either by performing the missing rituals, or resolving the emotional conflict that ties it to the physical plane. Yūrei are frequently depicted as being accompanied by a pair of floating flames that are separate parts of the ghost rather than independent spirits. This is similar to how the unsent in Final Fantasy X are related to pyreflies.
  • Yuna's role as a summoner is akin to an (歩き巫女, arukimiko?), a type of miko or priestess who travels the countryside while performing her duties. Her sending dance at Kilika is homage to a kagura dance.
  • The plot of Final Fantasy X, alludes to the famous Japanese story of Susano'o and the Yamata no Orochi. Susano'o (Tidus) is banished from his home in the Heavens (Dream Zanarkand) and trying to win back favor to return home. He comes to the mortal world (Spira) and comes across two earthly deities who are weeping because they have to sacrifice their daughters (summoners) to the evil Orochi (Sin) to keep it from destroying their home. They wish to save their eighth daughter (Yuna) from being devoured, so Susano'o concocts a plan that involves getting the dragon-snake drunk with wine ("Hymn of the Fayth") and killing it in its drunken state.
  • The Ronso treating Mt. Gagazet as a sacred place may allude to the Japanese culture where many mountains are considered holy with a Buddhist temple/shrine located on them. Thus they're sites of pilgrimages where people will climb up and pray.

Chinese philosophyEdit


Promotional artwork of Yuna and Tidus alluding to the Yin-Yang concepts.

  • Yuna's and Tidus's characters may allude to the Chinese philosophy of the Yin and Yang, concepts used to describe how apparently opposite or contrary forces are actually complementary, interconnected, and interdependent giving rise to each other as they interrelate. Many tangible dualities (such as light and dark, fire and water, and male and female) are thought of as physical manifestations of the duality of yin and yang. Yin is the negative/passive/female principle in nature, and may allude to many other concepts e.g. the moon, shaded orientation, something covert or concealed, "of the netherworld", overcast or sinister. Yang is the positive/active/male principle in nature, and may allude to many other concepts e.g. the sun, open, overt, and "belonging to this world".

Other oriental culturesEdit

  • The concept of riding on shoopufs as a form of transportation is based on elephant riding in India, Thailand, and other South Asian and Southeast Asian countries. The seats and decorations on the back of shoopufs are also similar to the way they do with elephants in said countries.
  • Ultima Weapon, Omega Weapon, and Nemesis do a hands gesture similar to the Namaste before they use some of their abilities.
  • Despite having its name based on Greek mythology, the concept of Ixion is actually based on Kirin, the mythical creature known in East Asian cultures. Kirin is depicted as a dragon shaped like a horse with a huge horn on its forehead. It comes from heaven to punish bad people.




"Macarena Temple".

  • There is a man in Besaid's Crusader's Lodge who says he is fixing a hole where the rain gets in. This alludes to the song "Fixing a Hole" by the Beatles.
  • Tidus says, "Don't worry, be happy?" when Kimahri tells him not to try to worry as it would make Yuna worry. This alludes to Bobby McFerrin's song of the same name.
  • "Macarena" is mentioned by Tidus by mispronouncing the name of Macalania Temple. This alludes to the popular song "Macarena", by Los del Río. When he is corrected, he responds by saying "Aye". (In Japanese Tidus mixes up "Malacania" for "Macalania" and does not make a pop culture reference.)


  • The event in the Moonflow resembles the similar event in Journey to the West where the Buddhist monk Tang Sanzang (Yuna) gets kidnapped while traveling the river by Sha Wujing (Rikku), who becomes the final member of Sanzang's group once defeated.


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